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VOLUME: XV
CHAPTER:69:01 ROAD TRAFFIC: SUBSIDAIRY LEGISLATION
ROAD TRAFFIC SIGNS REGULATIONS:


(under section 130)

(28th January, 2005)

ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS

REGULATION

 

PART 1
Preliminary

                1.         Citation

                2.         Interpretation

                3.         Authority to display a traffic sign

                4.         Purpose of traffic signs

                5.         Classification of traffic signs

                6.         Types, dimensions and specification of traffic signs

                7.         Colour of traffic signs

                8.         Material for making traffic signs

                9.         Lettering on traffic signs

               10.         Sign references

               11.         Warranty

               12.         Sign posts and support frames

               13.         Foundation

               14.         Traffic lights

               15.         Road markings

               16.         Overhead traffic signs and variable signals

               17.         Mounting of traffic signs

               18.         Illumination of traffic signs

               19.         Manner of displaying traffic signs and signals

               20.         Legends on traffic signs

 

PART II
Rules of the road

               21.         Speed limit

               22.         Driver to be cautious despite recommended or minimum speed

               23.         Slow moving vehicles

 

PART III
School and playground zones

               24.         Beginning and end of a school or playground zone

               25.         School zone sign to apply

               26.         Playground zone

               27.         Intermittent flashing yellow light

               28.         Absence of speed limit sign

               29.         Overtaking prohibited in school or playground zone

 

PART IV
Driving on a roadway

               30.         Driving on the left side of a roadway

               31.         Vehicular crossing

               32.         Narrow roadways, drifts and riverbanks

               33.         Rules of traffic lanes

               34.         Three lane traffic

               35.         One-way traffic

               36.         No entry and cul-de-sac roads

 

PART V
Overtaking and passing

               37.         Following other vehicle

               38.         Overtaking

               39.         Passing a parked vehicle or other obstruction

               40.         Overtaking on the right

               41.         Overtaking on the left

               42.         Restriction on overtaking

 

PART VI
Turns

               43.         Left turn

               44.         Right turn

               45.         Directional arrows

               46.         Traffic lane arrows

               47.         U-turn

               48.         Making a U-turn at an intersection

 

PART VII
Reversing

               49.         Reversing to be done in safety

               50.         Prohibition of reversing

 

PART VIII
Yielding and stopping

               51.         Giving way at intersections

               52.         Stopping before entering a roadway

               53.         Stop sign

               54.         Right of way

               55.         Yield sign

               56.         Entering a roundabout

               57.         Entering and leaving a roundabout from a multi-lane road

               58.         Yielding at a pedestrian crossing or crosswalk

               59.         Railway level crossing

 

PART IX
Stopping, waiting and parking

               60.         No stopping or waiting on a length of road

               61.         No parking, etc. on a length of road

               62.         No stopping on a road with a continuous edge line

               63.         Stopping in or near an intersection

               64.         Stopping on or near a pedestrian crossing

               65.         Stopping on or near a railway level crossing

               66.         Stopping on a freeway

               67.         Stopping in a loading zone

               68.         Stopping in a goods vehicle zone

               69.         Parking in a special marked area

               70.         Driving and stopping in a reserved lane

               71.         Stopping on a bridge or in a tunnel, etc.

               72.         Stopping on crest or curve outside a built-up area

               73.         Stopping at or near bus stop

               74.         Stopping on roads by heavy motor vehicles

               75.         Stopping in a parking area for people with disabilities

               76.         Parking outside a built-up area

               77.         Parking restrictions

               78.         Parallel parking

               79.         Angle parking

               80.         Waiting and parking on a hill

               81.         Vehicle on jacks

               82.         Stationary vehicles at night

 

PART X
Merging

               83.         Entering a roadway

               84.         Allowing merging

 

PART XI
Traffic lights

               85.         Green traffic lights

               86.         Yellow traffic lights

               87.         Red traffic lights

               88.         Malfunction of traffic lights

               89.         Pedestrian's hand signals

               90.         Pedestrian's green man

               91.         Pedestrian's red man

               92.         Crossing at traffic lights

 

PART XII
Directions by hand to drivers

               93.         Directions by police officer

               94.         Directions by hand held sign or flagman

 

PART XIII
Emergency and construction vehicles

               95.         Use of siren and emergency flashing light

               96.         Operating and parking emergency vehicles

               97.         Police vehicles operating without siren

               98.         Yielding to vehicle with siren

               99.         Road Safety Auditing Team on public roads

             100.         Road works

 

PART XIV
School buses

             101.         School bus warning plate

             102.         Hazard flashing lights

             103.         Reversing on school grounds, etc.

           103A.         Seating capacity for school bus

 

PART XV
Bicycles

             104.         Rights and duties of bicycle operator

             105.         Operation of bicycle

             106.         Travelling a single path

             107.         No bicycle signs and markings

             108.         Bicycles used in exhibitions, etc.

 

PART XVI
Pedestrians on public road

             109.         No pedestrian sign

             110.         Pedestrians on roadway

             111.         Pedestrian crossing roadway

             112.         Yielding by pedestrian

             113.         Actions contrary to rules

 

PART XVII
Animals on public roads

             114.         Duty of person riding animal-drawn vehicle

             115.         Straying animals

             116.         Wild animals

 

PART XVIII
Trucks, long vehicles and public service vehicles

             117.         Height limit

             118.         Length limit

             119.         Width limit

             120.         Load limit

             121.         Restrictions on certain vehicles

             122.         Restrictions on public service vehicles

 

PART XIX
Trams

             123.         Trams in general

             124.         Tram lanes

             125.         Stopping and parking on tram tracks

             126.         Passing trams

             127.         Overtaking trams

             128.         Keeping clear of trams

             129.         Pedestrians crossing the road near a halted tram

 

PART XX
Appointment of a Road Safety Audit Team

             130.         Appointment of a Road Safety Audit Team (RoSAT)

             131.         Duties of Road Safety Audit Team

 

PART XXI
General road traffic rules

             132.         View not to be obstructed

             133.         Spotlight

             134.         Noise level

             135.         Use of a horn device

             136.         Passengers in camping or house trailer

             137.         Opening vehicle doors

             138.         Disturbance in residential area

             139.         Procession and convoy

             140.         Air cushion vehicle

             141.         Removal of damaged vehicles

             142.         Advertising on public road

             143.         Damage to traffic control devices

             144.         Number of types of traffic signs

             145.         Guide markers (verge marking posts)

             146.         Traffic lights precedence over road signs

             147.         Penalties

             148.         Transitional

             149.         Repeal of Cap. 69:01 (Sub.Leg.)

 

                            First Schedule

                            Second Schedule

                            Third Schedule

                            Fourth Schedule

                            Fifth Schedule

                            Sixth Schedule

 

S.I. 6, 2005,
S.I. 59, 2013.

PART I
Preliminary (regs 1-20)

1.       Citation

            These Regulations may be cited as the Road Traffic (Signs) Regulations.

2.       Interpretation

            In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires-

            "abnormal vehicle (AV)" means any vehicle which may be operated on a public road under a written exemption granted by a relevant authority;

            "agricultural vehicle" means a vehicle designed or adapted solely for agricultural activities and includes a tractor, but does not include a goods vehicle or passenger vehicle;

            "air-cushion vehicle" means a vehicle designed to derive support in the atmosphere primarily from reactions against the earth surface resulting from expulsion of air from the vehicle;

            "all-way-stop" means a stop at which vehicles on all approaches to a road junction controlled by an all-way-stop sign are required to stop, the informal first-in-first-way right of way rule allowing for departure from the stop line by all vehicles in an orderly manner, provided that it is safe to do so;

            "animal-drawn vehicle" means a vehicle with one or two axles designed to be drawn by animals;

            "authorised vehicle" means any vehicle identified by means of-

     (a)     a number plate of different colour or any other characteristics;

     (b)     an international wheel-chair symbol (blue) on the right rear of the vehicle; or

     (c)     an authorised disc affixed to the left inside of the windscreen of the vehicle, and whose identification is thereby compatible with that displayed on the appropriate road traffic sign;

            "bicycle" means any cycle propelled by human power regardless of the number of wheels that the cycle may have;

            "built-up-area" means an area where there are buildings next to the road at intervals of not more than 100 metres for at least 500 metres;

            "clearway" means a stretch of road along which stopping and parking are prohibited;

            "construction vehicle" means a vehicle used in connection with the road construction and maintenance;

            "continuing road" means a road with priority on which traffic route continues through the intersection;

            "crossroad" means the connecting road between the two sides of a major road;

            "crosswalk" means-

     (a)     that part of a roadway at the intersection included within the connection of the lateral line of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the roadway measured from the kerbs or, in the absence of kerbs, from the edges of a roadway; or

     (b)     any part of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by signs or by lines or by other markings on the road surface;

            "daytime" means the period commencing one hour after sunrise and ending one hour before sunset;

            "edge line" means a line marked along the road at or near the far left or far right side of the road in white.

            "emergency vehicle" means a motor vehicle specially constructed or adapted for the purpose of conveying sick and injured persons to or from a place of medical treatment and which is registered as an ambulance or any type of vehicle which may be used in the event of a disaster, civil disturbance or car accident and such vehicles include Botswana Police, fire and Botswana Defence Force vehicles;

            "freeway'' means a stretch of road situated between the sign "freeway begins" R401 and "freeway ends" R401-2600;

            "gore" means the area immediately beyond the divergence of two or more roadways, bound by the edge of those roadways;

            "hairpin bend" means a bend where the road changes direction by more than 135 degrees and where the inside radius of the curve is less than 20 metres;

            "house trailer or camping trailer" means a vehicle that-

     (a)     is capable of being attached to and drawn by a motor vehicle; and

     (b)     is designed, constructed or equipped as a dwelling place, living abode or sleeping place;

            "intersection" means the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of-

     (a)     the lateral kerb lines; or

     (b)     if there are not any lateral kerb lines, the exterior edges of the roadways, of two or more highways which join one another at an angle whether or not one highway crosses the other;

            "junction" means that portion of an intersection contained within the prolongation of the lateral limits of the intersecting roadways and include any portion of the roadway between such lateral limits, and any stop or yield line marking which is painted at such intersection;

            "level crossing" means-

     (a)     an area where a road and a railway meet at substantially the same level, whether or not there is a level crossing sign on the road at all or any of the entrances to the area; or

     (b)     an area where a road and a tram track meet at substantially the same level and that has a tram crossing sign on the road at each entrance to the area;

            "long vehicle" means a vehicle that is 7 metres long or longer, including a commercial trailer, house or camping trailer;

            "median" means a physical barrier or area that separates lanes of traffic travelling on a highway or clearway;

            "moped" means a vehicle, regardless of the number of wheels it has, that may be propelled by muscular power, by mechanical power, or partly by muscular power and partly by mechanical power and that-

     (a)     has a motor that is driven by electricity or has an engine with a displacement of not more than 50 cubic centimetres;

     (b)     does not have a hand-operated or foot-operated clutch or gearbox driven by the motor that transfers power to the driven wheel;

     (c)     does not have sufficient power to attain a speed greater than 50 kilometres per hour on level ground within a distance of two kilometres from a standing start; and

     (d)     and weighs more than 35 kilograms but less than 55 kilograms, but does not include a bicycle or power bicycle;

            "night time" means the period commencing one hour before sunset and ending one hour after sunrise;

            "one-way-street" means a road on which traffic is permitted to travel only in one direction but does not include a highway that is divided by a median into two separate roadways with the traffic on one roadway travelling in one direction and the traffic on the other roadway travelling in the opposite direction;

            "overtaking" means the action of a driver approaching from behind and passing another driver travelling in the same direction of traffic;

            "painted island" means an area of road on which there are white or yellow stripes marked on the road surface;

            "park" means allowing a vehicle to remain stationary in one place including stopping whether or not the driver leaves the vehicle;

            "parking lane" means that portion of a primary public road between-

     (a)     the edge of the roadway to the left of the direction of traffic; and

     (b)     the nearest solid white or yellow line, not being the centre line, marked on the roadway;

            "passing" means when a person driving a vehicle passes a stationary vehicle, construction site, or any obstacle in the same lane or line of traffic;

            "pedestrian traffic control signal" means a traffic control signal by which pedestrians are specifically directed to proceed or not proceed;

            "priority" means that the driver of a vehicle and the traffic on the roadway on which he is travelling have a right-of-way at the junction ahead;

            "right-before-left" means that a driver shall give way to traffic approaching from his right-hand at any road junction, unless there is a working traffic signal, stop signs, give way signs or any other indication of who has the right-of-way;

            "road authority" means, where a road in any area or district has been lawfully vested in a local authority or any person, such authority or person and where a road has not been so vested in a local authority or a person, such public officer as the Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette appoint to be the road authority for that road for the purposes of these Regulations;

            "roundabout" means a junction which contains a traffic island in the middle and a road user travels in a clockwise direction yielding right-of-way to traffic approaching from the right;

            "school bus" means a motor vehicle used primarily for transporting persons to and from a school and on which is displayed the sign W400;

            "selective restriction sign" means a regulatory sign which comprises a two part message which is such that the lower message modifies or qualifies the significance of the upper message;

            "service road means" a road that runs parallel to a main road and is separated from the main road;

            "slip lane means" an area of road for vehicles turning left that is separated at some point, from other parts of the road by a painted island or traffic island;

            "spotlight" means a hand-operated strong beam of light used to illuminate prominently a particular person, thing or group, from a vehicle;

            "stop" means-

     (a)     when required, a complete cessation of vehicular movement; or

     (b)     when prohibited, any halting, even momentarily, of a vehicle, whether occupied or not except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with a direction given by a police officer or traffic control device;

            "traffic lane" means a longitudinal division of a roadway into a strip of sufficient width to accommodate the passage of a single line of vehicles whether or not the division is indicated by lines on the road surface but does not include a parking lane;

            "traffic lights" means an electronic device designed to show a red, yellow or green light, or two or more traffic lights in a vertical arrangement and at different intervals, and includes any traffic arrows installed with or near the device whether or not flashing;

            "tram" means a large coach or vehicle on rails that provides public transportation along certain streets;

            "u-turn" means a turn made by a driver so that the drivers vehicle faces in approximately the opposite direction from which it was facing immediately before the turn was made, but does not include a turn made at a roundabout;

            "variable message sign" means a light-reflecting or light-emitting road sign which is capable of varying its message by manual or remote control to display a different message from the one last displayed; and

            "zig-zag-zone" means that section of the roadway delineated by a white zig-zag line next to the edge of the roadway or kerbstone, which marks a specific area for no stopping or parking for unauthorised vehicles.

3.       Authority to display a traffic sign

            A traffic sign shall only be displayed by a road or other authority empowered to do so by section 78 of the Act.

4.       Purpose of traffic signs

            A road traffic sign shall have one of the following purposes-

     (a)     warning, that is to say, a road traffic sign calling attention to conditions on a public road which are dangerous or potentially dangerous to road users;

     (b)     regulatory, that is to say, a road traffic sign which directs a road user to take or not to take specific action;

     (c)     guidance, that is to say, a road traffic sign indicating a destination, direction, place or location, or any combination of these, or a road traffic sign which imparts advice to road users; and

     (d)     information, that is to say, a road traffic sign indicating a distance, amenity, facility, place of interest, tourist attraction or location, or any combination of these, or a road traffic sign which imparts general information to road users.

5.       Classification of traffic signs

            1 Road traffic signs shall be divided into the following classes and sub-classes as set out in the First Schedule-

     (a)     warning signs under-

           (i)       road layout signs series W100,

          (ii)       direction of movement signs series W200,

          (iii)       symbolic signs series W300,

         (iv)       hazard marker signs series W400, and

          (v)       advanced notice of road works series W500;

     (b)     regulatory signs under-

           (i)       control signs R1 series,

          (ii)       command signs R100 series,

          (iii)       prohibition signs R200 series, and

         (iv)       comprehensive signs R400 series;

     (c)     information signs-

           (i)       rectangular signs IN 1 series,

          (ii)       highway - freeway event signs IN 100 series, and

          (iii)       parking signs IN 300 series;

     (d)     guidance signs-

           (i)       direction signs highways,

          (ii)       city location signs,

          (iii)       diagrammatic (merging) signs,

         (iv)       freeway direction signs,

          (v)       tourism route markers,

         (vi)       tourism direction signs,

        (vii)       tourism symbols, and

        (viii)       city pedestrian signs;

     (e)     supplementary plates-

           (i)       selective text messages IN500 series; and

          (ii)       symbol plates;

     (f)      traffic light signals-

           (i)       generic traffic light signals,

          (ii)       pedestrian and cyclist signals,

          (iii)       railway traffic lights,

         (iv)       overhead signals, and

          (v)       flashing warning signals;

     (g)     road markings-

           (i)       regulatory transverse markings RTM series,

          (ii)       regulatory longitudinal markings RM series,

          (iii)       warning markings, and

         (iv)       guidance markings;

     (h)     samples of road layouts.

            (2) Road signs may be permanent or temporary as prescribed in these Regulations.

            (3) A temporary road sign shall be of force for a limited time only.

            (4) A temporary road marking shall be reflectorized and shall be yellow in colour and if conditions require, be supplemented with yellow cat-eyes.

            (5) A temporary road sign used for road construction shall suspend traffic rules provided by permanent markings.

            (6) When a temporary road sign is installed, a permanent road sign or marking shall be temporarily covered or removed.

            (7) A temporary sign or marking shall, when conditions return to normal, be removed within 10 calender days, with no lasting residual or visual trace remaining on the roadway.

6.       Types, dimensions and specification of traffic signs

            (1) The road traffic signs that fall under the classes and sub-classes referred to under regulation 5(1) shall consist of sign plates and sign faces as prescribed in the First Schedule.

            (2) The minimum and maximum dimensions of road traffic signs, signals and road markings referred to under regulation 5(1) shall be as prescribed in the First Schedule.

7.       Colour of traffic signs

            (1) A traffic sign shall be manufactured by making the sign face from a micro-primatic retro-reflective sheeting in accordance with ASTM D4956 or DIN EN 12899-1 or the equivalent ISO standard 9000.

            (2) The colour of the sheeting under subregulation (1) shall be as prescribed in the Fourth Schedule.

            (3) Warning and regulatory signs shall be manufactured from Type IX sheeting.

            (4) Guidance and information signs shall be manufactured using Type III sheeting for background and Type IX sheeting for lettering.

8.       Material for making traffic signs

            (1) Signs plates shall be made of aluminium sheeting of 2mm thickness or cold rolled mild steel of 1.44mm thickness with a protective paint system on both sides of the steel.

            (2) The colour of the reverse sign plate and support frame shall be sprayed in grey by applying two coats of enamel paint.

9.       Lettering on traffic signs

            (1) The lettering on traffic signs shall be of a plain style and easy to read at a distance and be in accordance with the UK "Transport Heavy" Windows based Truetype Font.

            (2) The size of letters and numbers on traffic signs other than route signs shall be as prescribed in the Second Schedule.

            (3) The size of letters of route signs shall be as follows-

Capital letter height (English
Script) in millimetre (mm)

     (a)     Traffic speeds up to 30 km/h

100

     (b)     Traffic signs between 60 km/h and 80 km/h

150

     (c)     Traffic speeds between 80 km/h and 120 km/h

175

 

              (Roads with more than two lanes in the direction of travel and for signs mounted overhead)

            (4) The spacing of characters on a traffic sign shall be as prescribed in the Second Schedule.

10.     Sign references

            (1) Sign plates shall be clearly and permanently marked on the back with the following information-

     (a)     the name, trade mark or means of identification of the manufacturer; and

     (b)     the month and year of manufacture.

            (2) The sign manufacturer referred to under subregulation (1) shall be registered with the department of Road Transport and Safety and monitored by the Road Safety Audit Team.

11.     Warranty

            A sign manufacturer shall provide a minimum warranty of 10 years for each sign.

12.     Sign posts and support frames

            (1) Sign posts and sign support frames shall be manufactured from the following materials-

     (a)     a minimum of 50mm internal diameter galvanised steel tube;

     (b)     galvanised screws, bolts, nuts, washers, rivets, etc.; and

     (c)     posts with caps covering the top of the tube.

            (2) The material shall comply with ISO 9000 or BDS 1031: 1983 standards.

            (3) Steel fixings that come into contact with aluminium shall be coated.

13.     Foundation

            The foundations of signs shall be at least one-third the overall length of the sign post and shall be filled with at least 0.1 cubic metres of class 15 concrete.

14.     Traffic lights

            Traffic lights signals shall comply with the GB/T 5795 - 2002 or ISO 16508:1999/CIE S006.1/E - 1998.

15.     Road markings

            (1) The material used for road markings shall comply with GB 14887-2003 or the equivalent ISO standard 9001 or ANSI Z535.3 as follows-

     (a)     hot sprayed plastic or thermoplastic (melted powder form) which shall comply with the BS 3262 - 1987 standards or equivalent ISO standard 9001; and

     (b)     road paint and thermoplastic shall be refletorized by the addition of reflecting glass beads of ballotini type.

            (2) The ballotini referred to under subregulation (1) (b) shall comply with the BS 6088 - 1993 or the equivalent ISO standard 9001.

            (3) Road paint shall be applied by brush or machine and the rate of application of such paint shall be between 0.4 litres/m2 and 0.7 litres/m2.

            (4) Glass beads shall have a minimum application rate of 400 gm/m2.

            (5) Guide markers W418 shall comply with BS873 or the equivalent ISO 9001 standards.

16.     Overhead traffic signs and variable signals

            (1) Overhead traffic signs and variable signals on gantries and mast arms shall have at least 5.7 metres clearance between the bottom edge and the carriage way.

            (2) A traffic sign shall have a minimum clearance as prescribed in the Third Schedule.

17.     Mounting of traffic signs

            (1) Two signs may be mounted on the same sign post.

            (2) When two warning signs are mounted as provided for under subregulation (1), the sign at the top shall refer to the nearest of the two hazards.

            (3) A supplementary plate shall be mounted beneath the primary sign to which it refers and there shall be a gap of at least 75mm between them.

18.     Illumination of traffic signs

            Subject to the other provisions of these Regulations, a traffic sign which is intended to convey its significance also during the hours of darkness shall-

     (a)     have a fully retro-reflectorised symbol, legend and border, where applicable; and

     (b)     be illuminated by direct lighting, either externally or internally ascribed to it in accordance with ISO 9001 standards.

19.     Manner of displaying traffic signs and signals

            Subject to the provisions of these Regulations, a road traffic sign or a road traffic signal shall-

     (a)     be displayed on a road so as to face oncoming traffic; and

     (b)     be placed in a position and at a height as prescribed in the Third Schedule.

20.     Legends on traffic signs

            Where in these Regulations a reference is made to the series, legends or figures, any such series, legends or figures shall be as prescribed in the First Schedule.

PART II
Rules of the road (regs 21-23)

21.     Speed limit

            (1) A speed limit of 60 kilometres per hour, R201-60 shall apply in respect of every public road or related areas within a built-up area.

            (2) A person shall not drive at a speed over the speed limit applying to him for the length of road where he is driving.

            (3) The speed limit applying to a driver for any length of road to which a speed limit sign applies is the number of kilometres per hour indicated by the number on the sign.

            (4) A speed limit sign on a road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearest of the following-

     (a)     a speed limit sign on the road with a different number on the sign;

     (b)     a speed de-restriction sign R201-R601 on the road; or

     (c)     if the road ends at a T-intersection, crossings or any other ending at that T-intersection, crossing or ending of a road.

            (5) A speed of 80 kilometres, 100 kilometres, 120 kilometres per hour, (R201-80, R201-100 or R201-120) shall apply in respect of every freeway, highway or similar constructed road.

22.     Driver to be cautious despite recommended or minimum speed

            (1) Notwithstanding that a recommended speed sign IN6 is prescribed for a particular length of a road, a driver of a vehicle shall not drive a vehicle on that road at any speed that is unreasonable having regard to all the circumstances, including-

     (a)     the nature, condition and use of the roadway;

     (b)     the atmospheric, weather or other conditions that might affect the visibility of the driver or the control of the vehicle;

     (c)     the amount of traffic that is or that might reasonably be expected to be on the road; and

     (d)     the mechanical condition of the vehicle or any equipment on the vehicle.

            (2) Subject to this regulation, where a road located outside a built-up area has two or more traffic lanes on the same side of the centre line for use by vehicles travelling in the same direction, a person driving a vehicle shall not-

     (a)     drive a vehicle in the traffic lane nearest the centre line unless the vehicle is being driven at or near the maximum speed permitted; or

     (b)     drive a vehicle at a slow rate of speed which is below the prescribed minimum speed R101-50 so as to impede or block the normal and reasonable movement of traffic then existing on such road.

            (3) Notwithstanding subregulation (2) (b), a person driving a vehicle on a roadway at a speed that is below the prescribed minimum speed that is established for that roadway may drive the vehicle in the traffic lane nearest to the centre line for the purpose of overtaking another vehicle.

            (4) A police officer may direct a person who is driving a vehicle in contravention of subregulation 2(b) to do one or more of the following-

     (a)     increase the rate of speed at which the vehicle is travelling; or

     (b)     remove the vehicle from the roadway.

            (5) Where a police officer gives a direction to a person driving a vehicle under subregulation (4), that person shall operate the vehicle in accordance with the direction.

23.     Slow moving vehicles

            (1) A person driving a vehicle on a freeway, highway or dual-carriagway at a speed that is less than the normal speed of the traffic at that time and place, shall drive the vehicle-

     (a)     in the far left traffic lane available for traffic;

     (b)     as close as practicable to the left kerb or edge of the roadway, except when either-

           (i)       overtaking another slow moving vehicle travelling in the same direction or passing an obstacle, or

          (ii)       preparing for a right turn at an intersection or entering a private driveway.

            (2) Where roads impose a mandatory restriction for slow moving vehicles, a driver shall not proceed beyond the sign R236, instead he shall use alternative routes.

            (3) A person riding an animal drawn vehicle shall not proceed beyond the sign R237 unless such a person is exempted by a road authority.

            (4) If an illuminated or interchangeable traffic control overhead signal LS40 directs moving traffic, a person driving a vehicle shall drive the vehicle only in that lane at the prescribed speed limit.

PART III
School and playground zones (regs 24-29)

24.     Beginning and end of a school or playground zone

            (1) A speed limit of 30 kilometres per hour applies in respect of any length of road situated next to a school or playground zone.

            (2) A school zone or playground zone that is located along a public road-

     (a)     begins at the point where there is a traffic control sign R403 indicating the school or playground zone or the commencement of the school zone or playground zone; and

     (b)     ends at a point where there is a traffic control sign indicating a greater rate of speed or the end of the zone sign R600.

25.     School zone sign to apply

            (1) Where a portion of a public road is identified as a school zone by a "school zone" sign R201-30 zone, the speed limit that is established or prescribed for that school zone applies.

            2 Where a portion of a public road is identified as a school zone by a "school zone" sign, the speed humps sign W332 shall be assigned to warn road users of the humps on the roadway.

26.     Playground zone

            Where a portion of a public road is identified as a playground zone by a traffic control device, the speed limit that is established or prescribed for that playground zone is in effect during the daytime period.

27.     Intermittent flashing yellow light

            Notwithstanding regulations 25 and 26 when, at an intersection or other place within a school zone or a playground zone, rapid flashes of yellow light are shown by a traffic control device together with a supplementary sign reading or symbol indicating "school zone", "playground zone" or "children", the speed limit that is established or prescribed for that zone applies.

28.     Absence of speed limit sign

            Where there is no speed limit sign on a length of road, the speed limit applying to a driver for the length of road is the general speed limit.

29.     Overtaking prohibited in school or playground zone

            A person driving a vehicle shall, when driving a vehicle in a school zone or a playground zone, drive such vehicle so as not to overtake another vehicle.

PART IV
Driving on a roadway (regs 30-36)

30.     Driving on the left side of a roadway

            (1) A person driving a vehicle shall not drive the vehicle so that the vehicle or any portion of the vehicle is to the right of the centre line of any public road and shall be as near as practicable to the far left side of the road except-

     (a)     when overtaking another vehicle;

     (b)     when the roadway to the left of the centre line is obstructed by parked vehicles or other objects;

     (c)     when the roadway to the left of the centre line is closed to traffic;

     (d)     when turning right from the roadway onto another roadway or into a private road or driveway;

     (e)     when a traffic sign otherwise requires or permits; or

     (f)      when the vehicle is being operated on a one-way street.

            (2) A person driving a vehicle, shall not enter a public road in which one or more of the following signs is displayed, R208, R222, R223 or R247 unless-

     (a)     that person resides in that area or is visiting another person in that area; or

     (b)     the driver is permitted to drive the vehicle past the sign by a road authority.

            (3) If a roadway is divided into two or more traffic lanes by a boulevard, ditch or other physical barrier, a person driving a vehicle shall not drive the vehicle-

     (a)     into, across or on the boulevard, ditch or physical barrier;

     (b)     on that portion of the roadway that is to the right of the white line except in an emergency situation where the vehicle is disabled and it is not practicable to move the vehicle to the far left side of the roadway; or

     (c)     into the right lane unless-

           (i)       the driver is turning right, or making a U-turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a change of direction signal,

          (ii)       the drive is overtaking,

          (iii)       the driver is avoiding an obstruction, or

         (iv)       the traffic in every lane is congested.

            (4) Subregulation (3) (c) applies to a person driving a vehicle on a road with two or more traffic lanes if-

     (a)     the speed limit applying to the driver for the length of road where the driver is driving, is over 80 km/h, or

     (b)     a "Keep Left Overtake Right" sign applies to the length of road where the driver is driving.

            (5) A "Keep Left Overtake Right" sign GD26 on a multi-lane road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearest of the following-

     (a)     a traffic sign or road marking on the road that indicates that the road is no longer a multi-lane road; or

     (b)     if the road ends at a T-intersection or crossing of the road.

31.     Vehicular crossing

            Except as may be provided for by any Local Authority bye-laws, a person driving a vehicle shall not drive the vehicle onto, across or on any boulevard, ditch or sidewalk except at vehicular crossings provided for that purpose.

32.     Narrow roadways, drifts and riverbanks

            (1) When the condition of a portion of a roadway is such that it is impractical or unsafe for two vehicles being driven in oncoming traffic to pass each other in a normal manner-

     (a)     the person driving the vehicle that is approaching that portion of the roadway shall give precedence to the vehicle that reached first the narrowing space by-

           (i)       slowing down and stopping the vehicle before entering that portion of the roadway, or

          (ii)       not proceeding until the oncoming vehicle has passed by; or

     (b)     in the case where from both sides two or more vehicles reach that portion of the roadway at the same time each driver shall-

           (i)       slow down their respective vehicles before proceeding to pass the narrowing space,

          (ii)       take all reasonable steps to determine whether the vehicles are able to pass in safety, and

          (iii)       if necessary, assist the person driving the other vehicle to pass in safety.

            (2) When the condition of a roadway is unsafe to drive with the permitted speed, the driver shall pay attention to any warning sign on the road.

33.     Rules of traffic lanes

            (1) When operating a vehicle on a sinle-carriageway, dual-carriageway or freeway-

     (a)     in the case where double parallel continuous dividing lines, RM2, exist between traffic lanes, a person shall not drive the vehicle so that the vehicle or any portion of the vehicle crosses the double solid lines from one traffic lane to another;

     (b)     in the case of a road where only a single continuous dividing line exists between traffic lanes, a person shall not drive the vehicle so that the vehicle or any portion of the vehicle crosses the single solid line from one traffic lane to another except when passing a stationary obstacle;

     (c)     in the case where a single continuous dividing line and a broken dividing line exist together in the middle of a roadway, a person-

           (i)       shall not except as permitted under paragraph (c) (ii), drive the vehicle so that the vehicle or any portion of the vehicle crosses the single continuous line from the traffic lane next to which the single continuous line is located, or

          (ii)       may only drive the vehicle so as to cross to the right over the broken and continuous dividing lines from the traffic lane next to which the broken line is located for the purpose of passing a stationary obstacle in that traffic lane and shall, as soon as that obstacle is safely passed, re-cross both lines and return to the traffic lane on the left in which that persons vehicle was originally travelling;

     (d)     in the case where-

           (i)       the roadway consists of only two traffic lanes that carry traffic in opposite directions, and

          (ii)       only one or more broken dividing lines exist between the two traffic lanes,

              a person may only drive the vehicle so as to cross to the right over the broken dividing line from that persons traffic lane into the traffic lane carrying the oncoming traffic for the purpose of overtaking or passing another vehicle that is travelling in the left traffic lane and shall as soon as that other vehicle is safely passed return to the traffic lane in which that person's vehicle was originally travelling;

     (e)     in the case where-

           (i)       the roadway consists of two or more traffic lanes that carry traffic in one direction only, and

          (ii)       only one or more broken dividing lines exist between the traffic lanes, a person may, with respect to those traffic lanes, drive the vehicle so as to cross the broken lines from one traffic lane into another traffic lane.

            (2) A person driving a vehicle shall, before driving a vehicle from one traffic lane into another or from a kerb lane or a parking lane into a traffic lane-

     (a)     signal that person's intention to do so; and

     (b)     give the signal in sufficient time to provide a reasonable warning to other persons of his or her intention.

            (3) Notwithstanding subregulation (1) and unless prohibited by a traffic control device, a person driving a vehicle may drive the vehicle on a roadway so as to cross a continuous single dividing line or a double continuous dividing line for the following purposes-

     (a)     when necessary to turn left or right into a roadway or into a private road or driveway; or

     (b)     when necessary to enter with a long vehicle a parking lane on the left side of the centre line.

            (4) Notwithstanding anything in this regulation, when the movement cannot be made safely, a person driving a vehicle shall not do the following-

     (a)     drive the vehicle from one traffic lane to another;

     (b)     drive the vehicle so as to cross a continuous dividing or broken dividing line;

     (c)     drive the vehicle from a kerb lane into a traffic lane; or

     (d)     drive the vehicle from a parking lane into a traffic lane.

            (5) When a roadway has been divided into traffic lanes by clearly visible dividing lines marked on the road surface, a person driving a vehicle other than a bicycle shall drive the vehicle as closely as practical in the centre of the traffic lane so marked.

            (6) A person driving a vehicle shall not drive the vehicle in such a manner that the vehicle occupies space in two traffic lanes-

     (a)     except during the act of passing a stationary obstacle; or

     (b)     unless road conditions make the use of single traffic lane impossible.

34.     Three lane traffic

            Where a roadway consists of three traffic lanes moving in two different directions, a person driving a vehicle shall not drive the vehicle in the centre lane except for the following purpose-

     (a)     when overtaking another vehicle travelling in the same lane;

     (b)     when passing a stationary vehicle;

     (c)     when that person intends to turn right and if it is safe to do so; or

     (d)     when a traffic control device otherwise permits.

35.     One-way traffic

            (1) Where a person drives a vehicle on a one-way roadway, that person shall only drive the vehicle in the direction designated by the sign erected on or along the roadway.

            (2) A "one-way" sign R4, R4.1, or R4.2 on a road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearest of the following-

     (a)     a "two-way" sign W212 or W213 on the road;

     (b)     a "keep left" sign R103 or a "keep right" sign R104 on the road;

     (c)     another sign or road marking on the road that indicates that the road is a two-way road; or

     (d)     if the road ends at a T-intersection or at a crossroad.

36.     No entry and cul-de-sac roads

            (1) A driver shall not drive past a "no entry" sign R3.

            (2) Where, considering the circumstances, it is reasonable and safe to do so, a person driving an emergency vehicle may in action do one or more of the following-

     (a)     drive the vehicle past the "no entry" sign;

     (b)     proceed past a traffic sign indicating an "ending road"; or

     (c)     contravene any provision that is prescribed by any law.

PART V
Overtaking and passing (regs 37-42)

37.     Following other vehicle

            (1) A person driving a vehicle shall not drive the vehicle so as to follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonable and prudent having regard to the following-

     (a)     the speed of the vehicles;

     (b)     the amount and nature of traffic on the roadway; and

     (c)     the condition of the roadway.

            (2) A person driving a vehicle in a funeral procession, convoy or motorcade on a roadway shall leave sufficient space between that persons vehicle and the other vehicles in the convoy or motorcade so as to enable a vehicle to enter and occupy that space without danger.

38.     Overtaking

            (1) A person driving a vehicle shall not, unless a traffic sign otherwise directs or permits, drive the vehicle so as to overtake or attempt to overtake another vehicle travelling in the same direction-

     (a)     when proceeding uphill or downhill;

     (b)     when proceding on a curve in the roadway;

     (c)     when approaching within 50 metres of or travelling across a railway level crossing;

     (d)     when there is not a clear view of any approaching traffic; or

     (e)     when it is not safe to overtake.

            (2) Subregulation (1) does not apply where-

     (a)     there are two or more traffic lanes on the same side of the centre line for vehicles proceeding in the same direction; or

     (b)     a person driving a vehicle and intending to pass an obstacle can do so by continuing to drive the vehicle on the left side.

            (3) Notwithstanding subregulation (1), where a curve or grade on a roadway is divided into traffic lanes by a broken dividing line, or by a broken dividing line and a continuous dividing line existing together, a person driving a vehicle may drive the vehicle past another vehicle on the curve or grade if that person drives the vehicle so as to cross the continuous dividing line from the lane next to which the broken dividing line is located.

            (4) A "no overtaking" sign R214 on a road applies to the length of road (including a length of road on a bridge) beginning at the sign and ending-

     (a)     if the information on or with the sign indicates a distance, at that distance past the sign; or

     (b)     at an end of "no overtaking" sign R214-601 or end of any restriction sign R601 on the road.

            (5) A driver of a vehicle with a GVM of over 3.5 t shall not overtake a vehicle travelling in the same direction when a "no overtaking for vehicles exceeding 3.5 t" sign R215 applies.

            (6) A driver of a vehicle with a GVM of over 7.5 t shall not overtake a light vehicle with less than 3.5 t travelling in the same direction when a "no overtaking for heavy trucks over 7.5 t" sign R215-IN532 applies.

            (7) A "no overtaking" sign R215 on a road applies-

     (a)     to the length of road, including a length of road on a bridge, beginning at the sign and ending with sign R215-601; or

     (b)     if the information on or with the sign indicates a distance, at that distance past the sign.

39.     Passing a parked vehicle or other obstruction

            A person driving a vehicle shall not drive the vehicle so that the vehicle or any portion of the vehicle is to the right of the centre line of the roadway while passing a parked vehicle or an obstruction unless-

     (a)     the view along the right side is unobstructed; and

     (b)     the right side is free of any oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance to permit the passing to be completely made without interfering with the safe operation of another vehicle.

40.     Overtaking on the right

            Subject to regulation 42, a person driving a vehicle that is overtaking another vehicle-

     (a)     shall, at a safe distance, overtake to the right of that other vehicle;

     (b)     shall not return the overtaking vehicle to the left side of the roadway until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle; and

     (c)     shall not overtake a vehicle to the left of the vehicle unless-

           (i)       the driver is driving on a multi-lane road and the vehicle can be safely overtaken in a marked lane to the left of the vehicle,

          (ii)       the vehicle is positioning for turning right or making a U-turn from the centre of the road, or

          (iii)       is giving a right change of direction signal; and

     (d)     shall not overtake to the right of a vehicle, if the vehicle in front has signalled his intention for turning right, or making a U-turn.

            (2) Except when overtaking on the right is permitted, a person driving a vehicle that is being overtaken by another vehicle shall-

     (a)     give precedence in favour of the overtaking vehicle; and

     (b)     not increase the speed of the overtaken vehicle until the overtaking vehicle has completely passed the vehicle being overtaken.

41.     Overtaking on the left

            (1) A person driving a vehicle may drive the vehicle so as to overtake on the left of another vehicle-

     (a)     when the vehicle being overtaken is signalling a right turn or the person driving the overtaken vehicle has signalled that person's intention to make a right turn; or

     (b)     in the case of a one-way street, where the roadway-

           (i)       is of sufficient width for two or more lanes of moving traffic, and

          (ii)       is free from obstructions within a built-up area in multi-lane traffic.

            (2) Where a roadway has two or more traffic lanes on the same side of the centre line for vehicles travelling in the same direction, a person driving a vehicle that is-

     (a)     overtaking another vehicle travelling in the same direction may overtake in a built-up area on the left of the other vehicle only if there is a traffic lane available for overtaking on the left of the traffic lane being used by the vehicle being overtaken; or

     (b)     being overtaken by another vehicle travelling in the same direction shall keep the vehicle being overtaken in the traffic lane in which that person is driving so as to allow the overtaking vehicle free passage in the traffic lane to the left or the right of the traffic lane in which the vehicle being overtaken is travelling.

42.     Restriction on overtaking

            Notwithstanding the provisions of this Part, a person driving a vehicle shall not drive the vehicle so as to overtake or attempt to overtake another vehicle-

     (a)     by driving off the roadway;

     (b)     by driving in a parking lane; or

     (c)     when the action of overtaking cannot be made safely.

PART VI
Turns (regs 43-48)

43.     Left turn

            (1) A driver turning left at an intersection from a road except a multi-lane road shall approach and enter the intersection from as near as practicable to the far left side of the road.

            (2) If there is a "left turn only" sign R108 at an intersection, a driver shall turn left at the intersection.

            (3) A driver shall, for the purposes of making a left turn with a vehicle from a two-way roadway onto another two-way roadway-

     (a)     drive the vehicle as closely as practicable to the left kerb or edge of the roadway while approaching the intersection;

     (b)     turn the vehicle to the left at the intersection; and

     (c)     leave the intersection on completing the turn by driving the vehicle as closely as practicable to the left kerb or edge of the roadway then entered,

              unless a traffic control device otherwise directs or permits.

            (4) A driver shall, for the purposes of making a left turn with a vehicle when entering or leaving a one-way street, drive the vehicle as closely as practicable to the left kerb or edge of the road way unless a traffic control device otherwise directs or permits.

            (5) Where a roadway or dual-carriageway is divided into traffic lanes, a person driving a vehicle shall, when approaching an intersection and intending to make a left turn with the vehicle, drive the vehicle into the traffic lane nearest to the left side of the roadway at least 50 metres before reaching that intersection.

            (6) A driver may approach and enter the intersection of a roadway from the marked lane next to the left lane as well as, or instead of, the left lane if-

     (a)     the drivers vehicle, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer; and

     (b)     the driver can safely occupy the next marked lane and can safely turn left at the intersection by occupying the next marked lane, or both lanes.

            (7) A driver shall, if he or she is turning left at an intersection and there is a road marking indicating how the turn is required to be made, make the turn as indicated by the road marking.

            (8) When a traffic lane is marked by a traffic sign R209 prohibiting a turn to the left, a person driving a vehicle travelling in that traffic lane and approaching the traffic sign shall not make the turn that is prohibited by the sign.

44.     Right turn

            (1) A person driving a vehicle shall, where there is a "right turn only" sign R109 at an intersection, turn right at the intersection.

            (2) A driver turning right at an intersection from a road except a multi-lane road shall, unless a traffic control device otherwise directs or permits-

     (a)     drive the vehicle to the right side, as closely as practicable to the right centre line of the roadway while approaching the intersection;

     (b)     turn the vehicle to the right at the intersection; and

     (c)     leave the intersection on completing the turn by driving the vehicle to the left side of the centre line of the roadway then entered.

            (3) A person driving a vehicle shall, for the purpose of making a right turn with a vehicle from a two-way roadway onto another two-way roadway, unless a traffic control device otherwise directs or permits-

     (a)     drive the vehicle to the right side, as closely as practicable to the kerb or edge of the two-way roadway where it enters the intersection;

     (b)     turn the vehicle to the right at the intersection; and

     (c)     stay in the lane until it is safe to go back to the left side of the two-way roadway entered.

            (4) A person driving the vehicle shall, for the purpose of making a right turn with a vehicle from a one-way street onto a dual-carriageway, and unless a traffic control device otherwise directs or permits-

     (a)     drive the vehicle as closely as practicable to the right side of the one-way street where it enters the intersection;

     (b)     turn the vehicle to the right at the intersection; and

     (c)     leave the intersection on completing the turn by driving the vehicle to the right of the centre line of the dual carriageway entered.

            (5) A person driving a vehicle shall, for the purpose of making a right turn with a vehicle from a one-way street onto another one-way street, unless a traffic control device otherwise directs or permits-

     (a)     drive the vehicle as closely as practicable to the right side of the one-way street where it enters the intersection;

     (b)     turn the vehicle to the right at the intersection; and

     (c)     leave the intersection on completing the turn by driving the vehicle as closely as practicable to the right side of the other one-way roadway entered.

            (6) A person driving a vehicle that is approaching an intersection and who is intending to turn right with the vehicle shall, wherever practicable, drive the vehicle into the position required by this regulations at least 50 metres before reaching that intersection.

            (7) A person driving a vehicle may approach and enter an intersection from the marked lane next to the right lane as well as the right lane if-

     (a)     the driver's vehicle, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 metres long, or longer; and

     (b)     the driver can safely occupy the next marked lane and can safely turn right at the intersection by occupying the next marked lane, or both lanes.

            (8) If there is a road marking indicating how a turn is required to be made, a person driving a vehicle shall make the turn as indicated by the road marking.

            (9) If there is no road marking indicating how the turn is required to be made, a person driving a vehicle shall make the turn so that the driver passes as near as practicable to the right of the centre of the intersection.

            (10) When a traffic lane is marked by a traffic sign R210 prohibiting a turn to the right, a person driving a vehicle travelling in that traffic lane and approaching the traffic sign shall not make the turn that is prohibited by the sign.

45.     Directional arrows

            (1) When a traffic lane is marked by a traffic sign showing a directional arrow or arrows with or without accompanying words, a person driving a vehicle travelling in that traffic lane shall make only the movement indicated or permitted by the traffic sign at the intersection or any other place to which the traffic sign applies.

            (2) When a traffic sign prescribes a turn, a person driving a vehicle travelling in that traffic lane and approaching the traffic sign shall make the turn only as indicated by the sign.

            (3) A person driving a vehicle that approaches an overhead traffic sign showing a downward pointing illuminated green arrow symbol LS30 marking the traffic lane in which the vehicle is travelling, may continue to drive the vehicle in that traffic lane.

            (4) A person driving a vehicle that approaches a traffic control device showing an illuminated overhead red X symbol LS32 marking the traffic lane in which the vehicle is travelling, shall not drive the vehicle into or continue to drive the vehicle in that traffic lane.

            (5) A person driving a vehicle that approaches an overhead traffic sign showing a downward pointing illuminated yellow arrow symbol LS31 marking the traffic lane in which the vehicle is travelling, shall leave the lane as soon as possible in the direction indicated by the arrow.

46.     Traffic lane arrows

            (1) If a person driving a vehicle is driving in a marked lane at an intersection except a roundabout and there are traffic lane arrows applying to the lane, the driver shall drive in one of those directions.

            (2) This regulation does not apply to a person driving a vehicle if the arrows indicate a direction to the right whether or not they also indicate another direction and the driver is making a permitted U-turn at the intersection.

47.     U-turn

            A person driving a vehicle shall not-

     (a)     on a curve; or

     (b)     on the approach to or near the crest of a grade,

              turn the vehicle so as to proceed in the opposite direction if a person driving another vehicle that is approaching a sign (R213-R600-IN537) within 200 metres from either direction cannot see the vehicle.

48.     Making a U-turn at an intersection

            A driver shall not make a U-turn, R213 at an intersection with or without traffic lights unless directed otherwise.

PART VII
Reversing (regs 49-50)

49.     Reversing to be done in safety

            A person driving a vehicle shall not drive the vehicle in reverse unless the movement can be made safely without interfering with other traffic on the roadway.

50.     Prohibition of reversing

            (1) A person driving a vehicle in a built-up area shall not drive the vehicle in reverse so that the vehicle or any portion of the vehicle enters into or is in motion in reverse within an intersection or crosswalk.

            (2) A person shall not reverse a vehicle further than necessary.

            (3) A person driving a vehicle on a freeway shall not drive the vehicle in reverse at any time.

PART VIII
Yielding and stopping (regs 51-59)

51.     Giving way at intersections

            Except as otherwise provided in these Regulations, when two or more vehicles approach or enter an intersection from different roadways at approximately the same time, the driver shall give way to any vehicle approaching from the right, unless a "stop" sign R1 with a "stop-line" RTM1, "give-way" sign R2 or traffic signals LS1 to LS3 applies to the driver of the approaching vehicle.

52.     Stopping before entering a roadway

            (1) A person driving a vehicle that is about to enter-

     (a)     a public roadway or street from another road; or

     (b)     an alley from another road,

shall, unless the intersection of the two roadways is marked with a "stop" sign R1, bring the vehicle to a stop before entering the intersecting roadway and at a point no further than the viewing line from the intersecting roadway or in the case where there is-

           (i)       a marked crosswalk, on the near side of the intersection, immediately before entering on the crosswalk, or

          (ii)       a marked stop line, on the near side of the intersection, at the stop line RTM1-R1 with the vehicles front bumper on the stop line or as near as practicable on the stop line.

            (2) Notwithstanding subregulation (1), a person driving a vehicle that is-

     (a)     emerging from an alley or driveway shall-

           (i)       stop the vehicle before driving onto a sidewalk or a vehicle crossway over a sidewalk, and

          (ii)       yield the right of way to any pedestrian on the sidewalk or the vehicle crossway over the sidewalk;

     (b)     entering an alley or driveway shall yield the right of way to any pedestrian on a sidewalk or a vehicle crossway over a sidewalk.

53.     Stop sign

            (1) A person driving a vehicle that is about to enter onto a roadway from another roadway that is marked by a "stop" sign R1 together with "all-way-stop" sign R1.4 shall bring the vehicle to a complete stop-

     (a)     before entering on the intersecting roadway and at a point no further than the viewing line from the intersecting roadway; or

     (b)     in the case where there is-

           (i)       a marked crosswalk on the near side of the intersection, immediately before entering on the crosswalk, or

          (ii)       a marked stop line together with R1 and R1.3 or R1 and R1.4 on the near side of the intersection, with the front bumper of the vehicle at the stop line, and yield the right of way to the vehicle that reached the intersection first (first-in-first-away).

            (2) A driver approaching a "hand-held stop" sign R1.5A shall stop before reaching the sign.

            (3) The driver under subregulation (2) shall not proceed until the holder of the hand sign-

     (a)     no longer displays the sign R1.5A towards the driver; or

     (b)     indicates to the driver displaying a "hand-held-green" sign R1.5B that the driver may proceed.

54.     Right of way

            When a person driving a vehicle is required to stop the vehicle pursuant to regulations 57 or 58, that person shall-

     (a)     not cause the vehicle to proceed until the condition of the traffic on the roadway being entered on is such that the vehicle can enter onto the roadway safely;

     (b)     yield the right of way to all vehicles coming from the right-hand side and pedestrians approaching that persons vehicle and that are on the roadway being entered; or

     (c)     yield to the right and left if entering a priority road.

55.     Yield sign

            A person driving a vehicle that is about to enter onto a roadway that is marked by a "yield" sign R2, may not stop the vehicle before entering onto the roadway but that person shall yield to pedestrians and to all vehicles coming from the right-hand side unless otherwise stated.

56.     Entering a roundabout

            A driver entering a roundabout shall-

     (a)     give way to traffic already on the roundabout approaching from the right-hand side; and

     (b)     yield at the roundabout at each entrance to traffic approaching from the right-hand side.

57.     Entering and leaving a roundabout from a multi-lane road

            (1) A driver entering a roundabout from a multi-lane road, or a road with two or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction as the driver, shall enter the roundabout circle in accordance with this regulation.

            (2) If the driver is to leave the roundabout turning right or going back, the driver shall enter the roundabout from the right marked lane or right lane of traffic and continue in the right-hand lane when leaving the lane until it is safe to change from the right lane to the left lane.

            (3) If the driver intends to proceed straight through the roundabout, the driver shall enter the roundabout from any marked lane or line of traffic and continue in the same lane when leaving.

            (4) Contrary to subregulations (2) and (3), if the driver is entering a roundabout from a marked lane or there are traffic lane arrows applying to the lane, the driver shall-

     (a)     if the arrows indicate a single direction, drive in that direction after entering the roundabout; or

     (b)     if the arrows indicate two or more directions, drive in one of those directions when entering and continuing in the same lane when leaving the roundabout.

            (5) A driver entering a roundabout and leaving the roundabout turning left shall, give a "turning left" signal when entering a roundabout until the driver has reached and entered the intended road.

            (6) A driver entering a roundabout intending to turn right or going back shall signal to the right and maintain the same lane but shall, shortly before leaving the roundabout signal to the left.

            (7) A driver intending to drive straight shall not give a signal when entering the traffic roundabout but shall signal to the left shortly before leaving the roundabout and remain in the same lane until it is safe to go back to the left lane.

58.     Yielding at a pedestrian crossing or crosswalk

            (1) A person driving a vehicle approaching a pedestrian crossing or crosswalk shall drive at a speed at which the driver can, if necessary, stop safely before crossing the pedestrian crossing or sidewalk.

            (2) A person driving a vehicle shall yield the right of way to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within a marked pedestrian crossing IN5.

            (3) Where a vehicle is stopped at a pedestrian crossing/crosswalk to permit a pedestrian to cross the roadway, a person driving any other vehicle that is approaching the stopped vehicle from the rear shall not overtake or pass the stopped vehicle.

            (4) A person driving a vehicle has a right of way over pedestrians at any place on a roadway other than at a pedestrian crossing, unless otherwise directed by a police officer or a traffic control device.

            (5) Nothing in subregulation (4) relieves a person driving a vehicle from the duty of exercising due care and attention for the safety of pedestrians.

59.     Railway level crossing

            (1) Where a railway train is approaching a railway crossing, a person driving a vehicle that is approaching the railway crossing W403 or W404 shall-

     (a)     stop at the stop line or if there is no stop line, at the "stop" sign R1; and

     (b)     give way to any train or tram on or approaching the crossing.

            (2) A driver at a level crossing with a "give way" sign R2 mounted below a railway crossing W403/W405 or give way line RTM2 shall give way to any train or tram approaching or entering the crossing.

            (3) A person driving a vehicle shall not enter a level crossing, if-

     (a)     twin red lights or rotating red lights LS22 or LS20 are operating or warning bells are ringing;

     (b)     a gate, boom or barrier W367 is closed or is opening or closing;

     (c)     a train or tram can be seen approaching the crossing or is sounding a warning and there would be a danger of collision with the train or tram; or

     (d)     the driver cannot drive through the crossing, or a road beyond the crossing is blocked.

            (4) A driver who enters a level crossing shall leave the level crossing as soon as the driver can do so safely.

            (5) Subregulation (1) does not apply when a police officer otherwise directs.

            (6) A person driving a vehicle shall not, in respect of a railway crossing that is located on a roadway-

     (a)     in a built-up area and that is controlled by a traffic control device, park the vehicle within 5 metres of the nearest railway crossing sign; or

     (b)     outside a built-up area and that is controlled by a traffic control device, park the vehicle within 50 metres of the nearest railway crossing sign.

PART IX
Stopping, waiting and parking (regs 60-82)

60.     No stopping or waiting on a length of road

            A person driving a vehicle shall not, other than on a road shoulder, deliberately stop and wait on a length of road or in an area to which "no stopping" sign R217 applies, unless-

     (a)     the vehicle is broken down and can not be removed immediately from the roadway; or

     (b)     ordered to stop by a police officer or flag person.

61.     No parking, etc. on a length of road

            (1) A person driving a vehicle shall not, other than on a road shoulder, deliberately park on a length of road or in an area to which "no parking" sign R216 applies, unless the driver is dropping off, or picking up passengers or goods;

            (2) For the purposes of this regulation, a vehicle which is deliberately stopped for more than three minutes ends up as a parked vehicle.

62.     No stopping on a road with a continuous edge line

            A person driving a vehicle shall not stop a vehicle at the side of a road marked with a continuous red RM12, yellow RM11 or white RM17 edge line.

63.     Stopping in or near an intersection

            A person driving a vehicle shall-

     (a)     not stop or drive over a painted island at an intersection;

     (b)     not stop on a road within 5 metres in a built-up area from the nearest point of an intersecting road at an intersection with traffic lights, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to park at that place; and

     (c)     not stop on a road within 50 metres outside built-up area from the nearest point of an intersecting road at an intersection without traffic lights, unless the driver stops-

           (i)       at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop, or

          (ii)       along the side of the continuing road at the intersection if the intersection is a T-junction.

64.     Stopping on or near a pedestrian crossing

            A person driving a vehicle shall not stop at a pedestrian crossing that is not at an intersection, or on the road within 5 metres in a built-up area and within 50 metres outside a built-up-area before the pedestrian crossing unless the driver stops at a place on the length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign R305-P applies and the driver is permitted to stop.

65.     Stopping on or near a railway level crossing

            A person driving a vehicle shall not stop on a level crossing, or on a road within 5 metres in a built-up area and 50 metres outside a built-up area before the nearest stop sign or rail crossing track to the driver approaching the crossing and after the nearest rail or track to the driver leaving the crossing, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop.

66.     Stopping on a freeway

            (1) A person driving a vehicle shall not stop on a freeway or dual carriageway unless-

     (a)     the driver stops in an emergency stopping lane; or

     (b)     the drivers vehicle is permitted to stop on the freeway under any other written law.

            (2) A "freeway" sign R401 or R402 on a road applies to a length of road beginning at the sign including any road into which the length of road merges and ending at the next end of freeway sign including exit signs R401-600 or R402-600.

67.     Stopping in a loading zone

            (1) A person driving a vehicle shall not stop in a" zig-zag zone" RM11 unless the driver is driving-

     (a)     a public bus that is dropping off, or picking up passengers;

     (b)     a vehicle that is permitted to stop in the zig-zag zone under any written law; and

     (c)     within 15 metres before and 15 metres after the sign on the road that indicates a bus stop IN 16, unless the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control marking applies and the driver is permitted to stop.

            (2) A person driving a vehicle who is permitted to stop in a zig-zag-zone shall not stay continuously in the zone longer than necessary, unless the information on or with the "zig-zag zone" sign RM11 indicates a specific time sign IN501-IN504.

68.     Stopping in a goods vehicle zone

            A person driving a vehicle shall not stop in a goods vehicle zone IN 314-P unless the driver is driving-

     (a)     a goods vehicle that is dropping or picking up goods; or

     (b)     a vehicle that is permitted to stop in the goods vehicle zone under any other written law.

69.     Parking in a special marked area

            (1) A person driving a vehicle shall not park in a bus parking area IN301, midi bus parking area IN311 , minibus parking area IN310, taxi parking area IN309, physically disabled parking area IN323 or police parking area IN322 unless the driver is driving the prescribed or special marked vehicle.

            (2) A bus, midi bus or minibus lane applies for a length of a road to which "bus, midi bus or minibus" R134-R139 signs apply.

70.     Driving and stopping in a reserved lane

            A person driving a vehicle shall not stop or drive in a reserved lane for public buses R405-R or bicycles R406-R, unless the driver-

     (a)     is driving a public bus, minibus or taxi, and is dropping off or picking up, passengers; or

     (b)     is permitted to drive in the lane under any other written law.

71.     Stopping on a bridge or in a tunnel, etc.

            A person driving a vehicle shall not stop on a bridge W370, close to a riverbank W348, causeway, ramp or similar structure W327 unless-

     (a)     the road is at least as wide on the structure as it is on each of the approaches; or

     (b)     the driver stops at a place on a length of road, or in an area, to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop.

            (2) A person driving a vehicle shall not stop in a tunnel W319 or underpass unless-

     (a)     the tunnel or underpass is equipped with sufficient air supply; or

     (b)     a photo-cell controls the maximum number of vehicles driving through the tunnel.

72.     Stopping on crest or curve outside a built-up area

            A person driving a vehicle shall not stop on or near a crest W322 or W323 or curve sign W202-W207 on a length of road outside a built-up area unless-

     (a)     the drivers vehicle is visible for half range of vision to drivers approaching the vehicle and travelling in the direction of travel of traffic on the same side of the road as the vehicle; or

     (b)     the driver stops at a place to which a parking control sign applies and the driver is permitted to stop.

73.     Stopping at or near bus stop

            A person driving a vehicle except the driver of a public bus shall not stop or park at a bus rank or on the road within 15 metres before and 15 metres after the sign GD25 on the road that indicates the bus stop, unless the driver of the vehicle has a break-down or a police officer is directing the driver to stop.

74.     Stopping on roads by heavy motor vehicles

            (1) A person driving a vehicle over 3.5t GVM shall not stop on a length of road that is not in a built-up area, except on the shoulder of the road.

            (2) A person driving a heavy motor vehicle shall not stop on a length of road in a built-up area for longer than necessary, unless the driver is permitted by a road marking RM7 to stop for a specified time.

75.     Stopping in a parking area for people with disabilities

            A person driving a vehicle shall not park in an area RM16 specially designated for people with disabilities IN 323-P unless-

     (a)     the driver's vehicle is marked with a round blue and white badge issued to people with disabilities by the Director; and

     (b)     the driver holds a driving licence endorsed with a restriction for disability.

76.     Parking outside a built-up area

            (1) A person driving a vehicle shall not park on a priority roadway IN1 or shoulder of a road outside a built-up area, except where-

     (a)     the vehicle is incapable of moving under its own power;

     (b)     an emergency arises; or

     (c)     the law otherwise permits.

            (2) Notwithstanding this regulation, a person driving a vehicle-

     (a)     in the case of a vehicle operated by a construction service for purposes of construction, repair, maintenance or inspection of public service facilities, that are located adjacent to, along, over or under the public road:

              Provided that-

           (i)       the sign W365 or other construction warning signs prescribed in regulation 5 are displayed,

          (ii)       there is a worker wearing reflective clothes and displaying the hand-operated "Stop and Go" sign R1.5A and R1.5B; and

     (b)     in the case of a pilot or tail vehicle escorting an abnormal or over- dimensional vehicle IN572 on a public road, may park the escorting vehicle or tail vehicle on the roadway while that person performs the duties with respect to the movement of such a vehicle.

77.     Parking restrictions

            A person driving a vehicle not exceeding 3.5t GVM shall not park on a roadway, unless-

     (a)     required or permitted by any other written law or a traffic control device;

     (b)     in compliance with a direction given by a police officer;

     (c)     avoiding conflict with other traffic;

     (d)     in the case of a built-up area he or she parks at the following locations-

           (i)       on a sidewalk or boulevard,

          (ii)       on a crosswalk,

          (iii)       within an intersection other than immediately next to the kerb in a T-intersection,

         (iv)       at an intersection within five metres from the projection of the corner property line immediately ahead or immediately to the rear, except when the vehicle is parked in a space where a parking meter or other traffic control device indicates parking is permitted,

          (v)       in the case of an approach to a stop sign R1 or yield sign R2, within 5 metres from the stop sign or yield sign,

         (vi)       within 5 metres from any fire hydrant, or when the hydrant is not located at the kerb and within 5 metres from the point on the kerb nearest the hydrant,

        (vii)       within 1.5 metres from an access to a garage, private road or driveway or a vehicle crossway over a sidewalk,

        (viii)       within 5 metres in front of a marked crosswalk,

         (ix)       alongside or opposite any street excavation or obstruction when the stopping or parking would obstruct traffic,

          (x)       on any bridge or in any subway or on the approaches to either of them,

         (xi)       at any place where a traffic control device prohibits parking, during the times parking is so prohibited,

        (xii)       on the roadway side of a vehicle that is parked at the kerb or edge of the roadway,

        (xiii)       at or near the side of any fire, accident or other emergency, if stopping or parking would obstruct traffic or hinder emergency vehicles or police officers, firemen, ambulance drivers or assistants or rescue officers or volunteers, or

       (xiv)       if a public road is divided into two or more roadways by a boulevard, ditch or other physical barrier, on that portion of the road that is to the right of the yellow line except in an emergency situation where the vehicle is disabled and it is not practicable to move the vehicle to the far left side of the roadway.

78.     Parallel parking

            When parking a vehicle on a two-way roadway, a person shall only park a vehicle with-

     (a)     the sides of the vehicle parallel to the far left side of the kerb or edge of the roadway;

     (b)     the left wheels of the vehicle not less than 500 mm from the left kerb GM8 or edge of the roadway;

     (c)     the vehicle facing in the direction of travel of vehicles in the marked lane or line of traffic on or next to the part of the road where the driver parks; or

     (d)     in the case of a one-way street R4-A, R4-B or R4-C where parking on either side is permitted, with-

           (i)       the sides of the vehicle parallel to the far left or far right side of the kerb or edge of the roadway,

          (ii)       the vehicle facing in the direction of travel authorised for the roadway.

            (2) Notwithstanding subregulation (1), a person may park a motor cycle R307-P at an angle, other than perpendicular, to the kerb or edge of the roadway, with-

     (a)     a wheel of the motor cycle not less than 500 mm from the kerb or edge of the roadway; and

     (b)     the motorcycle angled in the direction of travel authorised for the traffic lane that is adjacent to the lane on which the motorcycle is parked.

            (3) Subregulation (1) does not apply where angle parking is required.

79.     Angle parking

            (1) If a driver parks in a parking area on the side of a road, or in a median strip parking area, to which a parking control sign or road marking applies, and information on or with the sign or road marking RM6 includes the words "angle parking" or "angle", the driver shall position the vehicle in accordance with subregulations (2) to (4).

            (2) If the information on or with the parking control sign or road marking indicates that the vehicle is to be positioned at an angle of 45, or does not indicate another angle, the driver shall position his or her vehicle-

     (a)     so that the vehicle is at an angle as near as practicable to 45; or

     (b)     if the vehicle is parked on the side of the road, with the rear of the vehicle nearest to traffic in the marked lane or line of traffic next to the part of the road where the driver parks.

            (3) If the information on or with the parking control sign or road marking indicates that the vehicle is to be positioned at an angle of 90, the driver-

     (a)     shall position his or her vehicle so that the vehicle is at an angle as near as practicable to 90; and

     (b)     if the vehicle is parked on the side of the road, it shall be parked with its front as near as possible to the marked lane or line of traffic next to the part of the road where the driver parks.

            (4) If the information on or with the parking control sign or road marking indicates that the vehicle is to be positioned at an angle of 135, the driver shall position his or her vehicle-

     (a)     so that the vehicle is at an angle as near as practicable to 135; and

     (b)     if the vehicle is parked on the side of the road, then it shall be parked with its front as near as possible to the marked lane or line of traffic next to the part of the road where the driver parks.

            (5) This regulation does not apply to the rider of a motor cycle.

80.     Waiting and parking on a hill

            A person driving a vehicle shall not park a vehicle and leave it unattended to on any gradient W322 or W323 slope without-

     (a)     turning the front wheels of the vehicle towards the nearest kerb or edge of the roadway in such a manner as to impede any movement of the vehicle; and

     (b)     effectively setting the vehicles parking brake or other mechanism with which the vehicle is equipped that is designed to hold the vehicle in a stationary position while the vehicle is unattended to.

81.     Vehicle on jacks

            A person shall not leave a vehicle unattended to on a public road if-

     (a)     the vehicle is on a jack or a similar device; or

     (b)     one or more wheels have been removed from the vehicle or part of the vehicle is raised.

82.     Stationary vehicles at night

            A person shall not permit a vehicle to be stationary on a roadway outside a built-up area at any time at night or when, due to insufficient light or unfavourable atmospheric conditions, objects are not clearly discernible on the roadway at a distance of at least 250 metres ahead, unless-

     (a)     the tail lamps of the vehicle are alight;

     (b)     the vehicle is equipped with reflectors that are of a type approved and that reflect the lights of a motor vehicle approaching the stationary vehicle from the rear; or

     (c)     the vehicle hazard warning lamps are alight.

PART X
Merging (regs 83-84)

83.     Entering a roadway

            A person who is about to drive a vehicle onto an intersecting roadway from another road that is marked by a "merge sign" GS400 series, may not stop the vehicle before driving the vehicle onto the intersecting roadway but shall take all necessary precautions and merge the vehicle safely with the traffic on the intersecting roadway.

84.     Allowing merging

            A person driving a vehicle on a roadway near the intersection of another roadway or marked by a "merge" sign W111, W112, W116, W214 or W215 shall take all reasonable precautions to allow a merging vehicle to enter in safety onto the roadway on which the merging is to take place.

PART XI
Traffic lights (regs 85-92)

85.     Green traffic lights

            (1) A person driving a vehicle may, at an intersection where a green disc light is shown by a traffic signal LS1-

     (a)     drive straight through the intersection;

     (b)     drive into the intersection and on entering the intersection turn the vehicle left or right, subject to any sign or signal prohibiting a left turn R209 or right turn R210, or both or designating which turning movement is permitted, but shall yield the right of way;

     (c)     give way to any pedestrians that are within the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk t the time that the green light is shown; and

     (d)     give way to any other vehicle that is within the intersection at the time that the green light is shown.

            (2) A person driving a vehicle may, when approaching a green arrow LS5 shown by a control signal at an intersection-

     (a)     drive the vehicle into the intersection; and

     (b)     shall make only the movement that is indicated by the green arrow and yield the right of way to any-

           (i)       pedestrians that are within the intersection or within an adjacent crosswalk, and

          (ii)       other vehicle that is within the intersection.

            (3) A person driving a vehicle shall, when approaching an intersection and facing a green disc light which is shown at the same time with a co-ordinated traffic sign GD29, drive cautiously through the intersection and continue driving at the speed indicated in the sign.

            (4) A person driving a vehicle that is facing the flashes of a green light at an intersection where flashes of a green arrow are shown by a traffic control signal LS6, has the right of way over any vehicles which are facing that person from across the intersection.

            (5) The person referred to in subregulation (4) may drive the vehicle-

     (a)     into the intersection and on entering the intersection turn right while the light is flashing; or

     (b)     only on arrow direction through the intersection or turn left while the light is flashing, but shall yield the right of way to any-

           (i)       pedestrians that are within the intersection or within an adjacent crosswalk at the time the flashing green light is shown, and

          (ii)       other vehicles that are within the intersection at the time the flashing green light is shown.

86.     Yellow traffic lights

            (1) When, at an intersection a flashing yellow disk light LS1 is shown by a traffic control signal, a person driving a vehicle that is facing the yellow disc shall slow down-

     (a)     and only proceed with caution by yielding the right of way to any pedestrian that is within the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk; and

     (b)     to any other vehicle that is within the intersection.

            (2) A person driving a vehicle shall, when approaching an intersection and facing a yellow arrow shown by a traffic control signal LS2 to the left or right, slow down the vehicle safely before reaching the intersection stop line, if available, and stop th vehicle before entering the marked crosswalk or the intersection stop line, if available.

            (3) When, at an intersection, a yellow arrow pointing downwards is shown by an overhead mounted traffic control device LS3 at the same time with the red arrow, a person driving a vehicle that is approaching the intersection and facing both arrows may get ready for moving off.

            (4) When, at an intersection or other place, rapid flashes of yellow light are shown together with a sign reading or symbol indicating "school", "playground zone", "school crossing", "pedestrian crossing", "pedestrian zone" or other wording or symbol indicating a pedestrian hazard W100 with IN547 and SS3, a person driving a vehicle that is approaching the signal may, with caution, drive the vehicle-

     (a)     across the zone area; or

     (b)     if at a place other than an intersection, past the sign, but when so doing shall-

           (i)       not drive the vehicle across the intersection or past the sign at a speed that is greater than 30 kilometres per hour, and

          (ii)       yield the right of way to any pedestrians that are in the intersection or on the roadway that is in the vicinity of the sign or signal.

87.     Red traffic lights

            (1) A person driving a vehicle shall, when approaching an intersection and facing a red light disc LS1 shown by a traffic control signal, stop the vehicle-

     (a)     immediately before the marked crosswalk that is on the near side of the intersection;

     (b)     if there is a stop line, or if there is no stop line or marked crosswalk at or near the traffic light, as near as practicable to the yielding or the viewing line; or

     (c)     not until the red traffic control signal changes to order the driver to get ready for moving off the vehicle-

           (i)       across the marked crosswalk and into the intersection,

          (ii)       across the stop line and into the intersection, or

          (iii)       if there is not any marked crosswalk or stop line, into the intersection.

            (2) Notwithstanding subregulation (1), unless a traffic sign LS11 prohibits any other turning, a person driving a vehicle may turn the vehicle and proceed left or straight at the intersection if that person yields the right of way-

     (a)     to any pedestrians that are in the intersection; and

     (b)     to any vehicle that is in or approaching the intersection.

            (3) Notwithstanding subregulation (1), at the intersection of two one-way streets, a person driving a vehicle may, unless a traffic sign LS11 otherwise directs or prohibits a right turn from being made by a red light arrow, turn the vehicle and proceed right at the intersection, if the driver first stops and yields the right of way-

     (a)     to any pedestrians that are in the intersection; or

     (b)     to any vehicles that are in or approaching the intersection.

            (4) When, at a place other than an intersection, a red light disc is shown by a traffic control signal, a person driving a vehicle that is approaching the signal shall stop the vehicle before reaching the closer of the signal or the nearest crosswalk, if any, that is in the vicinity of the signal.

88.     Malfunction of traffic lights

            (1) If a traffic control signal has a malfunction LS4 or is not operating according to standard, a driver and pedestrian shall when crossing the roadway in the vicinity of such traffic control signal, obey the basic right-of-way rule, or if mounted, the traffic signs and proceed only with due care and attention.

            (2) When, at a place other than an intersection, rapid intermittent flashes of red light LS22 is shown by a traffic control signal, a person driving a vehicle that is approaching the signal shall stop the vehicle immediately before reaching the signal, and-

     (a)     shall only proceed when the lights stop flashing; or

     (b)     if there is a railway cross in the vicinity of the signal LS20 or LS23, may drive the vehicle past the signal after the train has passed.

            (3) A person driving a vehicle shall obey the directions given by a police officer directing traffic irrespective of any working traffic light or sign.

89.     Pedestrian's hand signals

            (1) When a pedestrian intends to cross a street at a pedestrian crossing IN5, the pedestrian may, before leaving the kerb or edge of the road, indicate the intention to do so by giving a clear hand signal consisting of raising an arm approximately at right angles to the pedestrians body and pointing to the opposite kerb in the direction the pedestrian wishes to walk.

            (2) When a pedestrian has indicated the intention to cross the street in accordance with this regulation, a person driving a vehicle shall stop the vehicle before entering the crosswalk and allow the pedestrian to cross.

90.     Pedestrian's green man

            When, at an intersection, a traffic control signal shows a green flashing man light LS101 alone, a pedestrian who is facing the green light may proceed across the roadway within a crosswalk, and has a right of way over all vehicles.

91.     Pedestrian's red man

            When, at an intersection, a traffic control signal shows a red flashing man light LS102 alone, a pedestrian who is facing the red light shall not enter the roadway unless the pedestrian is instructed to do so by a police officer.

92.     Crossing at traffic lights

            (1) Where a traffic control signal instructs or permits a pedestrian to enter or to proceed across a roadway, the pedestrian, when entering or proceeding to cross the roadway, shall do so-

     (a)     at an intersection, only within a crosswalk sign W307; or

     (b)     at a place other than an intersection in the vicinity of which there is a marked crosswalk RTM3, only within the crosswalk.

            (2) A pedestrian who is waiting for a traffic control signal to change shall not stand on the roadway.

PART XII
Directions by hand to drivers (regs 93-94)

93.     Directions by police officer

            (1) A person driving a vehicle shall obey the directions given by a police officer directing traffic irrespective of any working traffic light or sign.

            (2) A hand signal to stop traffic approaching from the front SS1(a) indicates to the driver of a vehicle approaching a traffic officer from the front, who is displaying the signal, that the driver shall stop until the signal to proceed is displayed.

            (3) A hand signal to stop traffic approaching from the rear SS1(b) to indicate to the driver of a vehicle approaching a traffic officer from the front, who is displaying the signal, that the driver shall stop until the signal to proceed is displayed.

            (4) A hand signal to stop traffic approaching from the front or the rear SS1(c) to indicate to the driver of a vehicle, approaching a traffic officer from the front or rear, who is displaying the signal, that the driver shall stop until the signal to proceed is displayed; or

            (5) A hand signal to show traffic to proceed from the left or right SS1(d) or (e) to indicate to the driver of a vehicle that the driver may proceed if a traffic officer displays the signal.

            (6) A pedestrian shall obey the directions of a police officer directing traffic.

94.     Directions by hand held sign or flagman

            (1) A person driving a vehicle shall obey the direction given by a person holding a flag.

            (2) A barricade or sign R1.5A is erected on a roadway for the purposes directing traffic in connection with an accident or road construction.

            (3) A "flag signal to stop" SS2(a) indicates to the driver of a vehicle that the driver shall stop until the flag signal to proceed is displayed.

            (4) A "flag signal to proceed" SS2(b) indicates to the driver of a vehicle that the driver shall proceed with care when the flag signal is displayed.

            (5) A "warning flag signal" SS2(c) or 1.5B warns a road user to proceed slowly and to be alert.

PART XIII
Emergency and construction vehicles (regs 95-99)

95.     Use of siren and emergency flashing light

            (1) A siren together with an emergency flashing light shall be operated only when the vehicle is being used in response to an emergency, an emergency call or on alarm for the following-

     (a)     blue bar for the police; or

     (b)     red bar for fire brigade, ambulance, rescue and military.

     (c)     a combination of amber, green, blue and red colours that represent the Department corporate colours, for transport inspectors.

            (2) Notwithstanding subregulation (1) the round amber flashing light on the roof, without siren, shall apply in respect of vehicles used for-

     (a)     construction;

     (b)     breakdown service; and

     (c)     any other authorised essential service.

96.     Operating and parking emergency vehicles

            (1) A person driving an emergency vehicle may, where he or she considers, in the circumstances, that it is reasonable and safe to do so, do the following-

     (a)     drive the vehicle in excess of any set of speed limit;

     (b)     proceed passed a traffic control light indicating stop or a stop sign without stopping; and

     (c)     contravene any provision of the law.

            (2) A person driving an emergency vehicle, while its siren is operating, has the right of way over all other drivers of vehicles.

            (3) A person driving an emergency vehicle may, where he or she considers the circumstances to be reasonable and safe, park the vehicle while its flashing lights are operating, but without a siren on, contrary to any law regulating the parking of motor vehicles.

            (4) A person driving an emergency vehicle and other personnel of an emergency may, if the circumstances so require, exercise the powers of a police officer under the Act with respect to traffic control and direction to the extent necessary to enable them to efficiently perform their duties.

97.     Police vehicles operating without siren

            (1) A police officer or transport inspector driving a vehicle may, in the performance of his or her duties, while not operating the siren of the vehicle, and where he or she considers the circumstances to be reasonable and safe, do the following-

     (a)     drive a vehicle in excess of a speed limit;

     (b)     proceed past a traffic control light indicating stop or any stop sign without stopping; or

     (c)     contravene any other provision regulating the use of roadways.

            (2) A police officer or transport inspector driving a vehicle may, in the performance of his or her duties and where he or she considers the circumstances to be reasonable and safe, park such vehicle, contrary to any provisions of any law.

98.     Yielding to vehicle with siren

            (1) When an emergency vehicle with a siren on is overtaking, approaching or meeting other vehicles, the person driving that other vehicle shall, unless otherwise directed by a police officer, yield the right of way to the emergency vehicle.

            (2) A person driving a vehicle shall not, unless otherwise directed by a police officer, follow within 150 metres of an emergency vehicle on which a siren or flashing lights, or both, are operating.

            (3) Subregulation (2) does not apply to a person driving another emergency vehicle on which the siren or flashing lights, or both, are in operation.

99.     Road Safety Auditing Team on public roads

            Vehicles used in respect of road traffic safety audit programme carried out under the administration of the Road Safety Auditing Team (RoSAT) may be operated on any portion of a roadway during the time that the vehicles are actually engaged for the purposes of auditing and matters related thereto.

100.   Road works

            (1) All road works shall be carried out in a safe manner and with due regard to the need to keep traffic delays to a minimum.

            (2) Road construction companies shall be responsible for warning, informing, directing signs as outlined under regulation 5 and protection of road workers.

            (3) Notwithstanding the provisions of this regulation or any other written law, a driver of any construction vehicle used in respect of roadway construction and maintenance shall use a path R125 specially provided and marked for use by such vehicles.

PART XIV
School buses (regs 101-103)

101.   School bus warning plate

            (1) Where a school bus is clearly marked with a warning plate W400 on the left front and on the right rear, a person driving a vehicle that is approaching the school bus shall, when approaching the school bus from the rear, if the school bus is on a roadway that is divided by a median into two separate roadways, slow down and if necessary stop before reaching the school bus.

            (2) After stopping an approaching vehicle pursuant to subregulation (1), the person driving the vehicle shall not proceed to drive the vehicle past the school bus until-

     (a)     the driver of the school bus indicates by a signal that the vehicle may proceed; or

     (b)     the alternately flashing amber lamps on the school bus stop flashing.

102.   Hazard flashing lights

            A person driving a school bus shall activate the hazard warning lights, when that person begins to slow down the school bus for the purpose of stopping on the roadway to load or unload passengers.

103.   Reversing on school grounds, etc.

            A person driving a school bus shall not drive the school bus in reverse when the school bus is-

     (a)     on a school ground; or

     (b)     at a location adjacent to a school ground at which the school bus is loaded or unloaded,

unless there is a responsible person located outside at the rear of the school bus giving directions with respect to the driving of the school bus in reverse.

103A.  Seating capacity for school bus

            (1) For the purposes of these Regulations, a child shall be counted as one person and shall irrespective of age, occupy a seat.

            (2) A school bus shall be presented for a road worthiness examination where the motor vehicle examiner shall determine the number of passengers who can be carried on the school bus.

PART XV
Bicycles (regs 104-108)

104.   Rights and duties of bicycle operator

            Unless otherwise provide under any other law, a person who is operating a bicycle on a roadway marked with WM13 has all the rights and is subject to all the duties of a person driving a motor vehicle.

105.   Operation of bicycle

            (1) A person who is operating a bicycle on a roadway marked with R111 shall-

     (a)     keep both hands on the handlebars of the bicycle, except when making a signal in accordance with these Regulations;

     (b)     keep both feet on the pedals or foot rests of the bicycle other than when stopped;

     (c)     not ride other than on or astride a regular seat of the bicycle; and

     (d)     not use the bicycle to carry more persons at one time than the number for which the bicycle is designed and equipped.

            (2) A person who is operating a bicycle, other than a motorcycle, on a roadway shall operate the bicycle as near as practicable to the left kerb or edge of the roadway unless that person is in the process of making a right turn with the bicycle.

            (3) Notwithstanding subregulation (2), a person who is operating a bicycle, other than a motorcycle, on a roadway marked with a sign R406 that has shoulders shall-

     (a)     in the case of a roadway that has paved shoulders marked with RM9, operate the bicycle on the left shoulder; or

     (b)     in the case of a roadway that does not have paved shoulders but marked with W309, operate the bicycle as far to the left of the roadway as practicable, unless that person is in the process of making a right turn.

            (4) A person who is riding as a pillion on a bicycle shall-

     (a)     not ride other than on a regular seat of the bicycle that is designed to be used by a pillion; and

     (b)     keep both feet on the footrests provided for the use of the pillion riding on the seat.

106.   Travelling a single path

            A person who is operating a cycle on a roadway in the same direction and same traffic lane, except when overtaking or passing another cycle shall-

     (a)     not operate the cycle adjacent to another cycle travelling in the same direction; and

     (b)     in the case of a cycle other than a motorcycle, where more than one cycle is travelling in the vicinity of and in the same direction as another cycle, shall operate the cycle directly in line with and to the rear or front of the other cycle.

107.   No bicycle signs and markings

            (1) The rider of a bicycle shall not ride on a length of road or footpath to which a "no bicycles" sign R219, or a no bicycles road marking, applies.

            (2) A "bicycle" sign R111, or a bicycle road marking WM13, applies to a length of road or footpath beginning at the sign or marking and ending at the nearest of the following-

     (a)     a "bicycle path" sign R111 with IN600 or bicycle path road marking;

     (b)     a "bicycle lane" sign R406-R with IN600 sign;

     (c)     a "separated footpath" sign R114 with IN600 or R115 with IN600 or separated footpath road marking;

     (d)     a "shared path" sign R113;

     (e)     a "no entry bicycles" sign R219; or

     (f)      the next intersection.

108.   Bicycles used in exhibitions, etc.

            Notwithstanding the provisions of these Regulations or any other written law, sport authorities in liaison with the relevant road and police authorities may, with respect to a roadway under its direction, control and management, permit persons operating bicycles as part of an entertainment show or an exhibition to operate the cycles in a manner permitted by the road authority for the period of time during which the bicycles are actually being used as part of the entertainment show or exhibition.

PART XVI
Pedestrian on public roads (regs 109-113)

109.   No pedestrian sign

            No person shall walk past a "no pedestrian" sign, R218 unless the person is a resident or intends to visit a house in such area.

110.   Pedestrians on roadway

            (1) Where a sidewalk or path is located beside a roadway, a pedestrian shall-

     (a)     at all times use the designated sidewalk or path R110; and

     (b)     not walk along or remain on the roadway.

            (2) Where there is no sidewalk or path, a pedestrian or a handcart operator who is proceeding along or on a roadway shall at all times proceed only on the side of the roadway or the shoulder of the roadway facing traffic approaching from the opposite direction.

111.   Pedestrian crossing roadway

            (1) A pedestrian who is crossing a roadway shall-

     (a)     cross by the shortest safe route and with due despatch; and

     (b)     not stop or loiter while crossing the roadway or otherwise impede the free movement of vehicles and conduct himself in a manner as to or as is likely to constitute a source of danger to himself or to other traffic.

            (2) A pedestrian shall not proceed onto a roadway or proceed along a roadway into the path of any vehicle that is so close that it is impracticable for the driver of the vehicle to yield the right of way.

            (3) Nothing in these Regulations shall be construed to authorise a pedestrian to cross a roadway in a built-up area at a place where any bye-laws prohibit the crossing.

112.   Yielding by pedestrian

            (1) A pedestrian who is crossing a roadway at any point other than within a cross path W306 or W307 shall yield the right of way to vehicles on the roadway.

            (2) A pedestrian shall have a right of way at a place where there is a crosswalk IN5, unless otherwise directed by a police officer or a traffic control device.

            (3) Notwithstanding the provisions of this regulation, a pedestrian is not relieved from the duty of exercising due care for his or her own safety.

113.   Actions contrary to rules

            Notwithstanding anything in these Regulations, a pedestrian-

     (a)     who is carrying out duties as an employee of the Department of Surveys; or

     (b)     in the employ of a Local Authority or of the owner of a public utility; and who, while in the conduct of those duties, is required to use the roadway or other portions of the freeway contrary to these Regulations or any bye-laws, is not in contravention of this regulation or any bye-laws if adequate advance warning is given of the pedestrians presence on the highway by means of signs, barricades or the use of a person giving directions in respect of the pedestrians presence.

PART XVII
Animals on public roads (regs 114-116)

114.   Duty of person riding animal-drawn vehicle

            (1) A person who is riding an animal on a roadway marked with signs R141 or R131 shall-

     (a)     ride the animal in such path as near as practicable to the left kerb or edge of the roadway;

     (b)     not ride the animal adjacent to another animal travelling in the same direction; and

     (c)     where more than one animal is travelling in the vicinity of and in the same direction as another animal, shall ride the animal in single file in relation to the other animal, except when re-assembling the herd in a bona fide parade.

            (2) A person riding an animal shall not enter a roadway marked with R237 or 238.

115.   Straying animals

            A person who owns or is responsible for any cattle or other domestic animals shall not let the animals stray unattended to on a public roadway unless the sign W310, W311 or W312 is displayed.

116.   Wild animals

            A person driving a motor vehicle which gets involved in an accident with a wild animal on a road marked with the sign W313, W357, W358, W359 or road marking WM 12B shall report the accident to the nearest police station or other road authority.

PART XVIII
Trucks, long vehicles and public service vehicles (regs 117-122)

117.   Height limit

            A person driving any vehicle above the permitted height W320 shall, if the vehicle is loaded to a height which could cause a danger to traffic installations or a bridge with W411-

     (a)     obtain a special permit from the road authorities to be escorted before setting off;

     (b)     not proceed past a "height limit" sign R204 indicating a height limit restriction; and

     (c)     stop the vehicle before the "height limit" sign and park the vehicle at the edge of the roadway in order to allow free movement of the traffic.

            (2) In this regulation "vehicle" includes any load carried by the vehicle.

118.   Length limit

            A person driving any vehicle exceeding the permitted length W321 shall-

     (a)     obtain a special permit from the road authorities to be escorted before setting off;

     (b)     not proceed past a "length limit" sign R205 indicating a length limit restriction; and

     (c)     stop the vehicle before the "length limit" sign and park the vehicle at the edge of the road in order to allow free movement of the traffic.

119.   Width limit

            A person driving any vehicle above the permitted width W360 shall-

     (a)     obtain a special permit from the road authorities to be escorted before setting off;

     (b)     not proceed past a "width restriction" sign R239 indicating the width restriction; and

     (c)     stop the vehicle before the "width restriction" sign and park the vehicle at the edge of the road in order to allow free movement of the traffic.

120.   Load limit

            A person driving a vehicle above the permitted actual weight W364 shall-

     (a)     obtain a special permit before setting off, from the road authorities, to be escorted;

     (b)     not proceed past an "actual load limit" sign R202 or indicating a weight limit restriction; and

     (c)     stop the vehicle before the "actual load limit" sign and park the vehicle at the edge of the road in order to allow free movement of the traffic.

            (2) A person driving a vehicle above the permitted axle weight shall-

     (a)     obtain a special permit, from the road authorities, to be escorted before setting off;

     (b)     not proceed past a "load limit per axle" sign R203 indicating a weight limit per axle restriction; and

     (c)     stop the vehicle before the "actual load limit per axle" sign and park the vehicle at the age of the road in order to allow free movement of the traffic.

121.   Restrictions on certain vehicles

            (1) A person driving a goods or delivery vehicle shall-

     (a)     not proceed past a "no trucks (goods) vehicle" sign R228 indicating a restriction of entry for those types of vehicles;

     (b)     stop the vehicle before the "no trucks (goods) vehicle" sign R228; and

     (c)     proceed on an alternative route where goods and delivery vehicles are permitted,

unless the driver is permitted to drive the vehicle past the sign under the authority of an auxiliary sign IN532 or IN504.

            (2) A driver of a vehicle exceeding 3.5 t shall maintain a minimum distance from a vehicle of the same category as indicated by the sign R241.

            (3) A person driving a construction vehicle on a public road shall-

     (a)     not proceed past a "no construction vehicle" sign R231 indicating a restriction to construction vehicles;

     (b)     stop the vehicle before the "no construction vehicle" restriction sign; and

     (c)     proceed on an alternative route where construction vehicles are allowed, unless the driver is permitted to drive the vehicle past the sign under the authority of an auxiliary sign.

            (4) A person driving a vehicle conveying dangerous goods shall-

     (a)     be in possession of the correct documentation for the cargo;

     (b)     display the international placards relevant to the cargo at the front and rear of the vehicle as prescribed in the Sixth Schedule;

     (c)     not proceed past a "no dangerous goods" sign R232, R242 or R246 indicating a restriction to those types of vehicles;

     (d)     stop the vehicle before the "no dangerous goods" restriction sign; and

     (e)     proceed on an alternative route marked with the sign R126 where vehicles containing dangerous goods are allowed,

unless the driver is permitted to drive the vehicle past the sign having express exemption issued by a road authority.

            (5) A person driving an abnormal vehicle shall-

     (a)     obtain a special permit from the road authorities to be escorted before setting off;

     (b)     not proceed past a "no abnormal vehicles" sign R233 indicating a restriction to abnormal vehicles;

     (c)     stop the vehicle before the "no abnormal vehicles" restriction sign; and

     (d)     proceed on an alternative route R127 where abnormal vehicles are allowed,

unless the driver is permitted to drive the vehicle past the sign having express exemption issued by a road authority.

122.   Restrictions on public service vehicles

            (1) A person driving a bus, shall not proceed past a "no bus" sign R226, R227 or R235 indicating a restriction to buses.

            (2) A person driving a mini-bus, midi-bus or bus in a road where a lane R121, R135, R136 or R129 is provided shall-

     (a)     keep his vehicle wholly within that lane unless the lane is obstructed;

     (b)     return to the reserved lane soon after passing the obstruction as it is safe to do so;

     (c)     not proceed past a "no midi-bus" sign R226 or "no mini-bus" sign R225 indicating a restriction to the category of vehicle being driven while operating for hire or reward,

unless when travelling to and from a garage for maintenance, depot for shift-change or roadworthiness test.

            (3) A person driving a taxi shall-

     (a)     where a reserved lane R118 is provided, keep his vehicle wholly within that lane unless the lane is obstructed;

     (b)     return to the reserved lane as soon as possible after passing the obstruction as it is safe to do so; and

     (c)     not proceed past a "no taxi" sign R224 indicating a restriction to taxis.

PART XIX
Trams (regs 123-129)

123.   Trams in general

            (1) A person driving a vehicle shall not move into the path of an approaching or following tram lane W362, or on tram tracks marked along the left side of the tracks by a broken or continuous yellow line RM13 parallel to the tracks.

            (2) A person driving a vehicle shall, when driving in the path of an approaching or followed tram travelling in a tram lane, or on tram tracks marked along the left side of the tracks by a broken or continuous white line RM4 parallel to the tracks, move out of the path of the tram as soon as the person can do so safely.

            (3) In this regulation "tram" includes a trolley-bus travelling along tram tracks by using the same electrical installation W361.

124.   Tram lanes

            (1) A person driving a vehicle (except the driver of a tram or trolley-bus) shall not drive in a tram lane, unless that person has express exemption issued by a road authority.

            (2) For the purposes of regulation 122 and this regulation, a tram lane is a part of a road with tram tracks that-

     (a)     are marked along the left and right side of the tracks by a continuous white or yellow line parallel to the tracks;

     (b)     begin at a "tram lane" sign R138; and

     (c)     ends at a tram depot.

125.   Stopping and parking on tram tracks

            A person driving a vehicle (except the driver of a tram) shall not stop or park in a tram lane or on tram tracks.

126.   Passing trams

            A person driving a vehicle shall not pass a halted tram if the tram is loading and unloading passengers.

127.   Overtaking trams

            A person driving a vehicle shall not overtake a tram to the left or right if the tram tracks are built in the middle of the road unless there is a lane marked for the same direction.

128.   Keeping clear of trams

            (1) A person driving a vehicle shall not drive into the path of a tram travelling on tram tracks if there is a broken white line WM3 beside the track.

            (2) If a tram approaches, the driver shall not obstruct the tram and shall move on as soon as he can do so safely.

129.   Pedestrians crossing the road near a halted tram

            A driver shall stop and give way to any pedestrian crossing the road between the halted tram and a kerbstone.

PART XX
Appointment of a Road Safety Audit Team (regs 130-131)

130.   Appointment of a Road Safety Audit Team (RoSAT)

            The Permanent Secretary shall appoint a Road Safety Audit Team (RoSAT).

            (2) The Road Safety Audit Team shall consist of the following officers-

     (a)     the Director of Road Transport and Safety or his representative, who shall be the team leader;

     (b)     an expert from the Botswana Traffic Police;

     (c)     an expert from the road department;

     (d)     an expert from a city council; and

     (e)     a qualified consultant or contractor if necessary.

131.   Duties of Road Safety Audit Team

            (1) The team shall be responsible for auditing the roads in accordance with the procedure set out in the Fifth Schedule.

            (2) The auditing of roads shall be done at such times as may be deemed necessary by the team.

            (3) The team shall submit an audit report to the Permanent Secretary with such recommendations as may be necessary.

PART XXI
General road traffic rules (regs 132-149)

132.   View not to be obstructed

            A person shall not drive a vehicle on a roadway if-

     (a)     the view through the windscreen or windows of the vehicle is obscured by mud, steam or any other dirt so as to make the driving of the vehicle hazardous; or

     (b)     any ornament, device, cargo or passenger is placed in or on the vehicle so that it may obstruct that driver's view

133.   Spotlight

            (1) No person shall on a roadway drive a vehicle that is equipped with a spotlight while the spotlight is lit whether the vehicle is in motion or not, so as to create a hazard to users of the road.

            (2) Notwithstanding subregulation (1), a person driving a vehicle equipped with a spotlight and is in motion on a roadway while the spotlight is lit, shall direct the ray of the light from the spotlight directed to the extreme left of the travelled portion of the roadway so that the beam of the light strikes the extreme left of the travelled portion of the roadway within 25 metres of the vehicle.

134.   Noise level

            (1) No person shall operate a motor vehicle generating a level of noise exceeding the limits prescribed under subregulation (2).

            (2) The permissible limit of noise produced by vehicles is as follows-

     (a)     light motor vehicles

80db (decibels)

     (b)     heavy motor vehicles

82db

     (c)     motor cycles

84db

     (d)     agricultural vehicle

86db

 

            (3) The sign W351 shall be displayed in an airfield area, to warn a person driving a vehicle in such area that noise level in such area may reach at least 140db.

135.   Use of a horn device

            No person shall use a horn R206 or any other audible warning device of a vehicle unless-

     (a)     it is necessary to use the warning device to warn other road users or animals, of the approach or position of the vehicle; or

     (b)     the horn is used as an anti-theft device fitted to the vehicle.

136.   Passengers in camping or house trailer

            (1) No person shall permit another person to occupy a house trailer or any other trailer while it is drawn on a roadway.

            (2) A person driving a vehicle shall not, while the vehicle is on the roadway, knowingly draw or tow by that vehicle any person riding a roller-skate, toboggan, bicycle, skateboard or any similar thing.

137.   Opening vehicle doors

            No person shall open a door of a vehicle, leave it open, or alight from the vehicle in a manner likely to cause danger to himself or herself or other road users.

138.   Disturbance in residential area

            No person shall drive a vehicle in a residential area during the period between 2200 hours and 0600 hours in a manner that unduly disturbs the residents of that residential area.

139.   Procession and convoy

            (1) A person driving a vehicle shall not cause the vehicle to break through-

     (a)     the ranks of a presidential, military, or police convoy;

     (b)     any other authorised parade or procession; or

     (c)     in any way obstruct, impede or interfere with the parade or procession.

            (2) A pedestrian shall not break through-

     (a)     the ranks of a presidential, military or police convoy;

     (b)     any other authorised parade or procession; or

     (c)     in any way obstruct, impede or interfere with the parade or procession.

140.   Air cushion vehicle

            No person shall operate an air cushion vehicle on or across a public roadway unless that person has obtained a permit from the Department of Road Transport and Safety.

141.   Removal of damaged vehicles

            A person or towing company removing a wrecked or damaged vehicle from a road shall remove all glass, debris or any other thing that was part of or related to the vehicle.

142.   Advertising on public road

            (1) A person shall not obstruct the view of drivers by advertising or selling any goods on a public road.

            (2) Notwithstanding subregulation (1), a road authority may authorise the advertisement or selling of goods subject to such conditions as it may determine.

143.   Damage to traffic control devices

            A person shall not wilfully remove, deface, alter or destroy a traffic control device placed or erected on a road.

144.   Number of types of traffic signs

            The numbers of types of traffic signs shall be limited to a reasonable number and signs shall be placed only where they are deemed by the Road Safety Audit Team to be useful.

145.   Guide markers (verge marking posts)

            Guide markers (verge marking posts) W418 shall comply with BS873 or the equivalent ISO 9001 standards.

146.   Traffic lights precedence over road signs

            An instruction conveyed by a traffic light shall take precedence over that conveyed by a road sign.

147.   Penalties

            Any person who contravenes or fails to comply with the provisions of these Regulations shall be guilty of an offence and liable for a first offence to a fine not exceeding P100, or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months, or to both, and for each subsequent offence to a fine not exceeding P200, or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to both.

148.   Transitional

            Traffic signs erected prior to the coming into force of these Regulations shall remain valid for a period of two years after the coming into force of these Regulations.

149.   Repeal of Cap. 69:01 (Sub.Leg.)

            The Road Traffic (Signs) Regulations are hereby repealed.

FIRST  SCHEDULE

(reg. 5(a))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

reg. 5(g)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SECOND  SCHEDULE

reg. 9

 

THIRD  SCHEDULE

reg. 19

 

FOURTH  SCHEDULE

reg. 7

Table 1- Colour Specifiction Limits (Daytime) (a)

 

1

2

3

4

Colour

x

y

x

y

x

y

x

y

White

0,303

0,300

0,368

0,366

0,340

0,393

0,274

0,329

Yellow

0,498

0,412

0,557

0,442

0,479

0,520

0,438

0,472

Orange

0,558

0,352

0,636

0,364

0,570

0,429

0,506

0,404

Green (b)

0,026

0,399

0,166

0,364

0,286

0,446

0,207

0,771

Red

0,648

0,351

0,735

0,265

0,629

0,281

0,565

0,346

Blue (b)

0,140

0,035

0,244

0,210

0,190

0,255

0,065

0,216

Brown

0,430

0,340

0,610

0,390

0,550

0,450

0,430

0,390

     (a)      The four pairs of chromaticity co-ordinates determine the acceptable colour in terms of the CIE 1931 standard Colormetric System measured with CIE Standard Illuminant D65

     (b)      The saturation limit of green and blue may extend to the border of the CIE chromaticity locus for spectral colours

 

Table 2 - Type IX Sheeting (a)

Observation Angle

Entrance Angle

White

Yellow

Orange

Green

Red

Blue

0,1(b)

-4

660

500

250

66

130

30

0,1(b)

+ 30

370

280

140

37

74

17

0,2

-4

380

285

145

38

76

17

0,2

+30

215

162

82

22

43

10

0,5

-4

240

180

90

24

48

11

0,5

+30

135

100

50

14

27

6

1,0

-4

80

60

30

8

16

3,6

1,0

+30

45

34

17

4,5

9

2

     (a)      minimum Coefficient of Retroreflection (R A) cd / Ix - 1 / m-2

     (b)      Values for 0,1 observation angles are supplementary requirements that shall apply only when specified by the purchaser in the contract or order

 

Table 3 - Type III Sheeting (a)

Observation Angle

Entrance Angle

White

Yellow

Orange

Green

Red

Blue

Brown

0,1(b)

-4

300

200

120

54

54

24

14

0,1(b)

+30

180

120

72

32

32

14

10

0,2

-4

250

170

100

45

45

20

12

0,2

+30

150

100

60

25

25

11

8,5

0,5

-4

95

62

30

15

15

7,5

5

0,5

+30

65

45

25

10

10

5

3,5

     (a)      minimum Coefficient of Retroreflection (R A) cd / Ix -1 / m-2

     (b)      Values for 0,1 observation angles are supplementary requirements that shall apply only when specified by the purchaser in the contract or order

 

FIFTH  SCHEDULE

ROAD SAFETY AUDIT REPORT (CHECKLIST)

(reg. 131)

              Location: ________________________________________________________

              Date of On-Site Inspection: (Day)..//.(Night)././..

              Time:________________ Weather: __________ Name: ___________________

Item

Issues to be considered

Comments

1
Horizontal and Vertical alignment

Are the road works located safely with respect to horizontal and vertical alignment?

 

If not, does works signing cater for this?

 

 

Are turning radii and tapers constructed in accordance with guidelines?

 

2

Do roadwork cones delineate the tapers where necessary?

 

Turning Radius and Restriction

Is the width of the lanes satisfactory for the traffic using the area?

 

 

Are the alignment of curbs, traffic islands and medians satisfactory?

 

3
Sight and Stopping Distances

Is sight and stopping distances in accordance with guidelines?

 

4

Are bus stops appropriately located with adequate clearance from the traffic lane for safety and visibility?

 

Traffic Lane Safety and Visibility

Can passengers safely walk to and from bus stops?

 

5
Street Lighting and other Delineation

Is appropriate street lighting or other delineation provided at the road works to ensure that the site is safe at night?
     (Note: the site must be visited at night)
Is the work area safe for pedestrians and cyclists at night?

 

6
Roadwork Signs

Have unnecessary signs been removed when works are not in progress (e.g. at night)?

 

 

7
Access to Property

Do the roadworks adversely affect property access?

 

Have the owners been consulted with, etc?

 

 

Are all necessary regulatory, warning and direction signs in place?

 

8

Are they correctly placed clean, and conspicuous?

 

Signs

Do they conform in general to Road Traffic Act (Cap.69:01) and Regulation Guidelines, or other recognised by-laws?

 

 

If Chevron alignment markers are installed, have the correct types of markers been used?

 

9

Are traffic signs in their correct locations, and properly positioned with respect to lateral clearance and height?

 

Location/ Placement

Are signs placed so as not to restrict sight distance, particularly for turning vehicles?

 

10
Day/Night Signs Requirements

Are the correct signs used for each situation including at night where required, and is each sign necessary?

 

11

Are other traffic control devices according to standards and used correctly?

 

Control

Are flagmen or temporary traffic signals requires - where, when and how?

 

 

[a] Are traffic lanes clearly delineated

 

12

[b] Have temporary Reflective Markers been installed?

 

Delineation and Reflective Markers

[c] Where coloured Reflective Markers are used, have they been installed correctly?

 

 

Are all necessary pavement markings installed in accordance with guidelines?

 

13

Are vehicle paths through the work area clear to motorists?

 

Pavement Marking

Are work areas clearly defined and clear of through traffic when flagmen not used?

 

 

Does the site present difficulties for motor cyclists day or night?

 

 

14
Detours

Do temporary detours cater for heavy vehicles and buses to safely manoeuvre in their designated lane?

 

 

Are the temporary traffic signals clearly visible to approaching motorists?

 

15

Are additional warning signs required?

 

Temporary Traffic Signals

Are signs warning of temporary traffic signals adequate?

 

 

Are the ends of likely vehicle queues visible to motorists so that they may stop safely?

 

16
Location

Are traffic signals operating correctly?
Is the number and location of signal displays adequate?

 

17

Have any visibility problems caused by the rising or setting sun been addressed?

 

Visibility

Do any site works or any construction equipment create visibility problems for traffic signals?

 

18
Signal Display

Are signal displays shielded so that only the motorist for whom they are intended can see them?

 

19
Traffic Movements

Are all movements including pedestrians catered for by the temporary traffic signals?

 

20

Does the work area affect pedestrians and cyclists?

 

Paths

Are there appropriate travel paths and crossing points for pedestrians and cyclists?

 

21
Elderly and Disabled

Are there adequate safely access provisions for the elderly, disabled, children, wheel chairs and prams [e.g. holding rails, kerbs and median crossings, ramps] ?

 

22
Cyclists

Is the bicycle route continuous, i.e. free of squeeze points or gaps?

 

23
Safe Grates

Are bicycle safe grates provided at drainage gully pits where necessary?

 

24
Warning

Are pedestrian and cyclists adequately warned of obstructions and temporary works hazards on their travelled way?

 

 

25
Pavement Defects

Is the pavement free of defects [e.g. excessive roughness or rutting, potholes etc.], which could result in safety problems [e.g. loss of steering control]?

 

26
Skid Resistance

Does the pavement appear to have adequate skid resistance, especially on steep descents?

 

27
Poundings

Is the pavement free of areas where pounding or sheet flow of water may occur, with resultant safety problems?

 

28
Loose Gravel

Is the pavement free of loose gravel?

 

29

Are speed restriction signs required for these works?

 

Speed Restriction Signs

If so are they correctly applied?

 

30

Are motorists informed of need to slow down through Roadwork site?

 

Speed Management

Are other devices required for speed management?

 

31
Signs Requirements

Do speed restriction signs require to be maintained all day and at night?

 

32
Other findings

 

 

33

 

 

Does the site have to be re-checked?           

 

 

 

SIXTH  SCHEDULE

reg. 121